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The federal Black Lung Disability Trust Fund pays benefits to coal miners in certain circumstances, such as when the liable mine operator doesn't pay. But the Trust consistently borrows from the Treasury's general fund to cover costs.
To save money and improve health care quality, Medicare has been trying alternative payment models for reimbursing providers. Some models require providers to use electronic health records or to accept financial risk.
The CARES Act requires GAO to look at the government's response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including vaccine development. Vaccines prepare the body to respond quickly to an infection and play a key role in keeping people and global communities healthy.
The Social Security Administration pays benefits to eligible people who are unable to work due to disability. State agencies review claims for disability benefits, and use "consultants" (physicians) to determine if claimants are medically eligible.
When COVID-19 vaccines became available, the federal government sent most doses to states to distribute but also set up its own vaccine distribution programs.
State and local health officials said the federal programs helped higher-risk groups get vaccinated.
In the U.S., about 30 million people—half of them children—have a rare disease. Many of these diseases are chronic, worsen over time, and are life-threatening. It can take years of testing and misdiagnoses to get a correct diagnosis; in that time, a patient's health can get worse.