Reports & Testimonies

GAO’s reports and testimonies give Congress, federal agencies, and the public timely, fact-based, non-partisan information that can improve government operations and save taxpayers billions of dollars.

Jump To:

Most Recent Reports

1 - 20 of 115294 Reports

Released on

Persistent Chemicals: Detecting, Limiting Exposure To, and Treating PFAS Contamination

Published: . Publicly Released: .
A group of chemicals called per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances—PFAS—are used in manufacturing, fire safety, and consumer products including nonstick cookware. But the chemicals contaminate the environment, and some may cause human health problems. This Snapshot report covers our work on government and other efforts to detect PFAS, prevent exposure, and treat contamination. For example, technologies like granular activated carbon filters can remove most PFAS from...

COVID-19: USAID Plans to Share Lessons Learned from Efforts to Meet Global Vaccination Goal

Published: . Publicly Released: .
Millions of people around the world have died from COVID-19 . The U.S. government has pledged to help reach a goal to vaccinate 70% of the global population against the virus. In support of this goal, the U.S. Agency for International Development worked with global and local partners to help 125 countries vaccinate their populations against COVID-19. But issues like falling demand for the vaccine...

GAO: Evolving and Innovating to Meet Congressional Needs

Published: . Publicly Released: .
For the last 5 years, our work yielded an average of $145 in financial benefits for every $1 invested in us, as well as an annual average of more than 1,200 other improvements. In this testimony before the Committee on House Administration's Subcommittee on Modernization, U.S. Comptroller General Gene Dodaro discusses how we achieve our results, including: Understanding congressional priorities and needs and evolving national...

Military Housing: Strengthened Oversight Needed to Make and Sustain Improvements to Living Conditions

Published: . Publicly Released: .
Hundreds of thousands of service members live in military housing—such as government-owned barracks or privatized family housing. In recent years, there have been concerns about health and safety risks in military housing and DOD's management of its housing programs. Poor housing conditions negatively affect quality of life. We testified about our work on poor living conditions in barracks and DOD's oversight of housing. For example...

Federal Real Property: Preliminary Results Show that Increased Telework and Longstanding Challenges Led to Underutilized Federal Buildings

Published: . Publicly Released: .
The federal government's office spaces cost billions every year to lease, operate, and maintain. Even before the pandemic, agencies struggled to determine how much office space they needed. In this testimony for the Senate, we discuss the 21.4 million square feet of usable office space—conference rooms, team rooms, and offices—in the headquarters buildings of 24 agencies. During 3 weeks in January, February, and March 2023...

Science and Engineering Statistics: Improved Communication Needed with Stakeholders on Data Needs

Published: . Publicly Released: .
The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) collects and analyzes data to help people understand U.S. performance in science and engineering in a global context. NCSES covers topics such as research facility funding and job opportunities for science and engineering graduates. Governments, companies, nonprofits, and others use this data to make decisions. But NCSES generally didn't involve these users in developing its strategic...

Released on

Nursing Homes: Limitations of Using CMS Data to Identify Private Equity and Other Ownership

Published: . Publicly Released: .
Private equity firms have drawn attention in recent years by buying nursing homes, changing their operations to increase profit, and selling them for more money. We estimated that 5% of about 14,800 nursing homes enrolled in Medicare had private equity owners in 2022. Medicare collects information about nursing home owners as part of its enrollment and oversight processes. But we had to supplement Medicare's data...

Critical Infrastructure Protection: National Cybersecurity Strategy Needs to Address Information Sharing Performance Measures and Methods

Published: . Publicly Released: .
Protecting critical infrastructure—like water and electricity—from cyberattacks is a national priority. Federal agencies and critical infrastructure owners and operators must share information to tackle increasingly complex cyber threats. Long-standing challenges, such as security concerns and timeliness, make this harder. For example, representatives from a nonfederal partner said the FBI briefed them on a cyber threat about 5 months after it was identified. We recommended monitoring...

Manufactured Housing: Further HUD Action is Needed to Increase Available Loan Products

Published: . Publicly Released: .
Manufactured housing—prefabricated, factory built homes—can be an affordable option for lower-income homebuyers. But some borrowers may not qualify for mortgages and might have to turn to other kinds of financing with less favorable rates and terms. Several federal agencies, Fannie Mae, and Freddie Mac have created new or modified existing loan programs to help manufactured home borrowers. But while the Department of Housing and Urban...

Released on

Pretrial Supervision: Actions Needed to Enhance Management of the Location Monitoring Program

Published: . Publicly Released: .
About a quarter of people released by the court before their federal trials are required to use location monitoring devices. These devices often use GPS and radio frequency to transmit their location data to court officers. Officers investigate immediately when devices send them "key alerts," which can indicate noncompliance. Key alerts often come in after hours and can be caused by GPS or cellular connection...

Tribal Lands: Status of the Navajo Nation's Expanded Leasing Authority

Published: . Publicly Released: .
This Q&A report looks at how the Navajo Nation is using its authority to lease its lands. In 2018, Congress expanded the Navajo Nation's authority to lease its lands for certain uses like mining. Previously, these leases required Department of the Interior approval. To use the expanded authority, the Navajo Nation must develop tribal leasing regulations. As of Sept. 2023 it hadn't done so. Tribal...

Released on

Medicaid Program Integrity: Opportunities Exist for CMS to Strengthen Use of State Auditor Findings and Collaboration

Published: . Publicly Released: .
States and the federal government work together to fund Medicaid and protect it from payment errors and fraud. State auditors provide independent reviews of their state's compliance with federal funding requirements and other program rules. Their findings reveal problems such as ineligible beneficiaries and errors in state spending. Federal Medicaid officials started using these findings and collaborating with state auditors to improve the program, but...

COVID-19 Provider Relief Fund: HRSA Continues to Recover Remaining Payments Due from Providers

Published: . Publicly Released: .
The Provider Relief Fund spent $135 billion to help health care providers with COVID -related expenses and lost revenue during the pandemic. Most of the relief payments—about $85 billion—went to hospital-based health systems and hospital-affiliated providers. To confirm that payments were accurate, the Health Resources and Services Administration took steps to review provider eligibility and if funds were used appropriately. In doing so, it found...

F-35 Aircraft: DOD and the Military Services Need to Reassess the Future Sustainment Strategy

Published: . Publicly Released: .
In the coming decades, the Department of Defense plans to spend an estimated $1.7 trillion on nearly 2,500 F-35s. Most of the funds will go to operating, maintaining, and repairing the aircraft. DOD faces costly maintenance issues for the F-35, such as: Delays setting up military service depots—facilities to complete the most complex repairs Inadequate equipment to keep aircraft operational Maintenance and supply delays affecting...

Released on

Medicare Part D: CMS Should Monitor Effects of Rebates on Drug Coverage and Spending

Published: . Publicly Released: .
This testimony discusses the key role of Medicare Part D drug coverage in giving beneficiaries access to innovative drug treatments. Coverage is provided by private insurance plans that vary in their costs and lists of covered drugs—known as "formularies." Drug makers may give plans rebates in exchange for preferred placement over competitors on formularies. The rebates may lower premiums, but they don't reduce beneficiaries' payments...

U.S. Postal Service: Better Incorporating Leading Practices for Project Management Could Benefit Strategic Plan Implementation [Reissued with revisions on Sept. 19, 2023]

Published: . Publicly Released: .
The U.S. Postal Service has been on our High Risk List since 2009 due to ongoing financial woes. To help address its financial condition, and improve service, USPS developed a 10-year strategic plan that touches on all parts of its operations. USPS is implementing its ambitious plan through more than 100 ongoing projects. We reviewed USPS implementation policies to see how well they incorporated GAO...

COVID-19: U.S. Territory Experiences Could Inform Future Federal Relief

Published: . Publicly Released: .
U.S. territories—American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands—received more than $32 billion in COVID-19 relief funds through over 100 programs. Territory government officials said they funded key priorities, but some programs were easier to use than others because: Territory governments already knew how to administer and report on pre-existing programs Some agencies provided more support...

Motor Carrier Operations: Improvements Needed to Federal System for Collecting and Addressing Complaints against Truck, Moving, and Bus Companies

Published: . Publicly Released: .
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration aims to reduce crashes, injuries, and deaths involving large trucks and buses. To that end, FMCSA collects complaints against companies that operate these vehicles. The complaints can be related to safety—e.g., speeding or reckless driving—or to problems like unfair business practices. FMCSA reviews these complaints, but its guidance is not clear. Specifically, FMCSA guidance doesn't define key terms or...

Military Barracks: Poor Living Conditions Undermine Quality of Life and Readiness

Published: . Publicly Released: .
Hundreds of thousands of service members live in military barracks. Concerns about poor living conditions and how DOD is managing the barracks go back decades. We observed barracks in poor condition, including some with safety risks like sewage overflow and inoperable fire systems. And some barracks don't meet DOD requirements for privacy or amenities. DOD doesn't have reliable information about barracks conditions, or how these...