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The African continent is important to U.S. economic, strategic, and foreign policy interests, and efforts have been made to improve commerce and connectivity to benefit the two regions. However, the continent has the highest aviation accident rate in the world, which has hindered progress.
Since October 1994, the Export-Import Bank of the United States has had statutory authority to provide loans, guarantees, and insurance to help finance U.S. exports of dual-use defense articles and services, provided that these items are nonlethal and meant primarily for civilian use.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the end uses of dual-use exports financed by the Export-Import Bank (Eximbank), focusing on: (1) the end uses of items financed during fiscal year (FY) 1996; and (2) the commitments made in FY 1997 and FY 1998.