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GAO’s reports and testimonies give Congress, federal agencies, and the public timely, fact-based, non-partisan information that can improve government operations and save taxpayers billions of dollars.

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Haiti: USAID and State Should Improve Management and Assessment of Reconstruction Activities

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Pour la version française de cette page, voir GAO-23-106250. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) provided $2 billion to support reconstruction and development in Haiti during FYs 2010-2020. It completed half of the infrastructure projects we reviewed—such as constructing a power plant—but most projects were delayed, cost more than planned, or had to be scaled back. USAID developed unrealistic estimates of costs and timeframes...

Management Report: Continued Improvements Needed in the Bureau of the Fiscal Service's Information System Controls Related to the Schedule of Federal Debt

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Treasury's Fiscal Service issues debt to borrow money for federal operations, and reports the debt on financial statements called the Schedules of Federal Debt. We audit and issue opinions annually on the Schedules and on related internal controls (e.g., processes to reasonably assure that transactions are properly authorized and recorded). In FY 2022, Fiscal Service addressed 8 of our previous recommendations to correct weaknesses in...

Haiti: L’USAID et le département d’État devraient améliorer la gestion et l’évaluation des activités de reconstruction

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To see the version of this page in English, see GAO-23-105211. L'Agence des États-Unis pour le développement international (USAID) a fourni 2 milliards de dollars pour soutenir la reconstruction et le développement en Haïti pendant les exercices budgétaires 2010-2020. Elle a achevé la moitié des projets d'infrastructures que nous avons examinés—comme la construction d'une centrale électrique—mais la plupart des projets ont été retardés, ont coûté...

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Disaster Assistance: Action Needed to Improve Resilience, Response, and Recovery

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The federal government provides billions of dollars to help people before, during, and after disasters like wildfires and hurricanes. This Snapshot covers our work on disaster-related federal efforts. We've found ways to improve federal efforts, including: Making it easier to get FEMA grants for disaster resilience projects Communicating better about FEMA assistance eligibility requirements Ensuring that HUD's housing-related disaster assistance reaches affected communities quickly We...

Fiscal Year 2024 Budget Request: U.S. Government Accountability Office

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For the last 5 years, our work yielded an average of $145 in financial benefits for every $1 invested in us, as well as an annual average of more than 1,300 other benefits. In this testimony before the Senate Subcommittee on the Legislative Branch, Committee on Appropriations, U.S. Comptroller General Gene Dodaro discusses GAO's FY 2024 budget request. Meeting Congress's growing demand for GAO's services...

Generic Drugs: Stakeholder Views on Improving FDA's Information on Patents

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The Orange Book is a list of FDA-approved drugs. It helps generic drug companies identify when patents for brand name drugs will expire so they can market generic equivalents. For makers of brand name drugs, listing patents gives them time to resolve patent disputes before a generic can be offered for sale. Views varied, but some stakeholders had concerns that certain patent listing practices can...

Electronic Health Record Modernization: VA Needs to Address Change Management Challenges, User Satisfaction, and System Issues

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Veterans Affairs is in the process of replacing its IT system used to maintain veterans' health records—and has deployed its new system to a few locations. We testified that the new system has presented issues for some users. For example, many users said that they weren't adequately trained to use the new system. Users also said that the new system had decreased morale and job...

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Women in the Workforce: Underrepresentation in Management Positions Persists, and the Gender Pay Gap Varies by Industry and Demographics

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Women remain underrepresented in management roles in the U.S. workforce. Female managers continue to earn less than male managers, but the pay gap varies by industry and demographics. Our analysis of Census data showed that in 2021: 42% of managers were women, but overall women make up 47% of the workforce Female managers were more likely to be younger and more educated, and less likely...

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Wildfire Smoke: Opportunities to Strengthen Federal Efforts to Manage Growing Risks

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Smoke from increasingly frequent catastrophic wildfires has created unhealthy air quality for tens of millions of Americans. The EPA has partnered with other federal agencies to help communities deal with the smoke. One effort with the Forest Service produced an online map showing air quality, fire locations, and smoke direction. But, EPA's actions have been ad hoc and spread across program and regional offices. Better...

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Drug Manufacturing: FDA Should Fully Assess Its Efforts to Encourage Innovation

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The Food and Drug Administration has promoted advanced manufacturing—i.e., innovative technologies—as a way to address drug shortages. For example, it approved 2 drugs made using advanced manufacturing to treat a COVID-19 complication. But we found that few drugs are manufactured using this technology, and the FDA doesn't know if all of its efforts to increase the technology's use are working. The agency hasn't formalized performance...

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Payment Integrity: Additional Coordination Is Needed for Assessing Risks in the Improper Payment Estimation Process for Advance Premium Tax Credits

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One option for buying health insurance plans in the U.S. is through marketplaces. The Affordable Care Act provided a tax credit in some cases to help individuals buy these plans. The U.S. government may pay this credit to insurance issuers in advance, which lowers the individual's monthly bill. We reviewed methods 5 states and the U.S. government used to keep ineligible people from using the...

Weapon Systems Sustainment: DOD Needs to Improve Its Reporting for Warehousing Pilot Program

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The military services and contractors use warehouses to store and distribute parts to repair weapon systems, among other things. The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) has 400 warehouses, but contractors also use commercial warehouses. In 2017, Congress authorized a pilot program seeking to more fully use DLA warehouses and avoid paying for commercial space. We reviewed the agency's report on this program. We found that DOD...

Nuclear Weapons: Technical Exceptions and Limitations Do Not Constrain DOD's Planning and Operations

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As it modernizes the U.S. nuclear stockpile, the National Nuclear Security Administration is working to ensure its continued safety and reliability. NNSA assesses the weapons prior to releasing them to the military services to ensure that they meet DOD's requirements for safety and performance. NNSA documents any exceptions and limitations that may be found as the weapons age and their parts need to be replaced...

Biodefense: Actions Needed to Address Long-Standing Challenges

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The National Biodefense Strategy outlines how the federal government should prepare for and respond to biological incidents. The pandemic exposed shortcomings in federal response efforts. This snapshot highlights federal biodefense challenges and opportunities for improvement that we've identified. For instance, agencies have developed response plans and conducted interagency exercises to prepare for biological threats. However, they don't routinely work together to monitor exercise results in...

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Child Welfare: HHS Is Taking Steps to Help States Support Relative Caregivers with Evidence-Based Programs

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When parents can't care for their children, relatives often step in as caregivers. To help these caregivers, states can access federal matching funds if they operate programs Health and Human Services determines to be evidence based. This requires states to evaluate programs to show positive impacts for families. But as of December 2022, no states have accessed these funds. Officials from all 5 states we...

Vehicle Safety: DOT Should Take Additional Actions to Improve the Information Obtained from Crash Test Dummies

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The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration uses data from crash test dummies to help improve vehicle safety. But the dummies may not represent diverse groups of people—like women, older people, or heavier individuals—making it hard to test whether vehicle safety features are effective for everyone. For example, the dummies may not adequately reflect females' greater risk of lower leg injuries in crashes than males. NHTSA...

Science & Tech Spotlight: Securing Data for a Post-Quantum World

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Cryptography uses math to secure or "encrypt" data—helping governments, businesses, and others protect sensitive information. While current encryption methods are nearly impossible for normal computers to break, quantum computers could quickly and easily break certain encryptions and put data at risk. This spotlight looks at how to better secure data before quantum computers capable of breaking those encryption methods are ready in possibly 10-20 years...