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Some criminal groups use a process called trade-based money laundering to launder their illicit money. These schemes can include things like falsely describing goods and services in trade transactions.
Banks are required to report suspicious financial transactions to the Treasury Department.
To disguise illegally obtained funds, money launderers have traditionally targeted banks, which accept cash and arrange domestic and international fund transfers. However, criminals seeking to hide illicit funds may also be targeting the U.S. securities markets.