GAO’s reports and testimonies give Congress, federal agencies, and the public timely, fact-based, non-partisan information that can improve government operations and save taxpayers billions of dollars.
We have issued 11 annual reports on federal programs with fragmented, overlapping, or duplicative goals or activities. In those reports, we suggested hundreds of ways to address those problems, reduce costs, or boost revenue. Our most recent report is from May 2021.
Immigration and Customs Enforcement contracts and agreements have increasingly guaranteed minimum payments to detention facility contractors—paying for beds regardless of use. ICE spent $20.5 million in May 2020 for over 12,000 unused beds a day, on average.
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement detained pregnant women more than 4,600 times from 2016-2018. Most detentions lasted 1 week or less.
ICE has policies and standards related to the care for pregnant women that vary by facility type, with some having more requirements than others.
Homeland Security component agencies collect information on noncitizen family members who are apprehended together at the southwest border. Each component collects the information it needs, but does not always consider the information needed by other DHS components.
The Federal Protective Service protects about 9,000 federal facilities and their occupants.
FPS is part of the Department of Homeland Security, but it's been moved to two "parent agencies" within the department in the last 15 years.
This testimony addresses our earlier work on 2 immigration topics:
The U.S. immigration court system, which considers hundreds of thousands of removal cases a year. The case backlog doubled from 2006 through 2015, even as new cases declined.
What GAO Found While federal agencies generally maintain data on human trafficking cases that occur in Indian country, they do not maintain data on whether the victims are Native American (Native American status).