GAO’s reports and testimonies give Congress, federal agencies, and the public timely, fact-based, non-partisan information that can improve government operations and save taxpayers billions of dollars.
Between 1999 and 2019, more than 800,000 people have died from drug overdoses in the United States. We found that in recent years, most states have enacted Good Samaritan laws to help reduce overdose deaths and respond to opioid overdoses.
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) awards grants to provide care for unaccompanied children—those without legal immigration status or an available parent or guardian. The grants go to state-licensed organizations that provide shelter and other services.
Studies have noted that historical trauma, exposure to violence, and substance abuse make Native American youth susceptible to becoming involved with the justice system.
Four federal departments administered at least 38 grant programs (and about $1.
Treatment for opioid use disorder may involve buprenorphine—a drug that can reduce or eliminate withdrawal symptoms and prevent relapse.
We reviewed the use of long-acting injectable and implantable forms of buprenorphine for opioid use disorder.
Brain injuries may be common in domestic violence victims, and such injuries may be under-diagnosed and under-treated. There is little federal data on the prevalence of this public health problem, so it’s uncertain whether federal resources are addressing it efficiently.
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement detained pregnant women more than 4,600 times from 2016-2018. Most detentions lasted 1 week or less.
ICE has policies and standards related to the care for pregnant women that vary by facility type, with some having more requirements than others.
When hospice patients die at home, they often leave behind commonly misused controlled substances, such as oxycodone. A 2018 law allows employees of qualified hospice programs to collect and destroy these drugs.
Drug misuse—using illicit drugs or misusing prescription drugs—is a serious public health issue in the United States. National rates of drug misuse rose from 15% in 2003 to 19% in 2018.
We are adding drug misuse to our High Risk List in 2021 to encourage progress.
The Drug Enforcement Administration collects industry-reported data on the sale and purchase of controlled substances and prescription drugs, including opioids. The data supports DEA’s investigations into whether drugs have been diverted to the illegal marketplace.