GAO’s reports and testimonies give Congress, federal agencies, and the public timely, fact-based, non-partisan information that can improve government operations and save taxpayers billions of dollars.
Dangerous radioactive material is used in many medical and industrial applications. But, if it ends up in the wrong hands, it could be used in a dirty bomb.
Replacing technologies that use radioactive materials with safer alternatives can protect people and reduce potential financial costs.
There are about 86,000 metric tons of spent nuclear fuel from commercial reactors stored at 75 U.S. sites. This amount continues to grow. Policymakers have been at an impasse over what to do with the spent fuel since the licensing of the Yucca Mountain repository stopped in 2010.
The Department of Energy has the difficult task of cleaning up hazardous and radioactive waste from energy research and nuclear weapons production dating to World War II. This report describes the estimated cost of this future cleanup—DOE's environmental liability—and related issues.
Hurricanes are a leading cause of major power outages in the U.S., impacting millions of customers in recent years. Utilities in hurricane-affected states have invested in ways to better equip their grids to withstand and rapidly recover from hurricanes.
A commercial facility in western New York reprocessed used nuclear fuel into usable nuclear material. It closed in 1976 but wastes remain.
In 1980, Congress directed the Department of Energy to clean up part of the site. Since 2011, for example, Energy has demolished 51 of 55 structures, shipped 1.
The Department of Energy, under agreement with EPA and Washington State, is cleaning up radioactive waste at its Hanford site. It finished retrieving waste from one group of underground tanks—a "tank farm"—and it has begun retrieving waste from 2 of the remaining 17.
With U.S. crude oil production nearly doubling from 2009 to 2015, Congress repealed the crude oil export ban in December 2015—allowing the free export of U.S. crude oil worldwide.
We found that repealing the ban was associated with:
Expanding the market for U.S.