GAO’s reports and testimonies give Congress, federal agencies, and the public timely, fact-based, non-partisan information that can improve government operations and save taxpayers billions of dollars.
Illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing undermines the economic and environmental sustainability of the fishing industry in the U.S. and globally.
The U.S. works internationally to combat illegal fishing at sea.
In May 2019, we issued a report examining whether there are racial, ethnic, or gender disparities in the military justice system. Among other things, we found the military services do not collect consistent information on race, ethnicity, and gender making it more difficult to identify disparities.
The government buys a huge range of products and services, from military aircraft to common office supplies. We looked at how 7 leading companies manage procurement, and whether the federal government follows similar practices.
Federal agencies awarded small businesses almost $4 billion in FY 2019 to perform research and development and commercialize technologies. The Small Business Administration oversees the programs for making these awards, which are carried out by 11 agencies.
Climate change has led to record low levels of ice in the U.S. Arctic—prolonging the shipping season and opening up shipping routes. This may expand economic opportunities, but harsh weather and ice conditions—plus the lack of maritime infrastructure—pose safety risks.
“Cyber hygiene” is a set of practices for managing the most common and pervasive cybersecurity risks. The Department of Defense’s cyber hygiene is critical as threats to its information and networks increase.
DOD has had 3 cyber hygiene initiatives underway.
In October 2015, a cargo ship from the United States sank at sea during a hurricane, killing all 33 crew members. Concerns with the ship’s safety plan raised questions about how the Coast Guard ensures that U.S. commercial ships comply with safety regulations.
Coast Guard icebreakers can ensure year-round access to the Arctic—critical to protecting U.S. economic and national security interests in the region.
We testified on the Coast Guard’s Arctic strategy and capabilities, including icebreaking.