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Foreign trade partners retaliated for increased U.S. tariffs in 2018—reducing U.S. exports of certain agricultural commodities. USDA gave affected farm producers $23 billion in 2018 and 2019 to compensate for lost exports.
From 2014 through 2018, the U.S. and other donors spent an estimated $75 billion on global food security assistance. This included, for example, supplying seeds and fertilizer, providing food to crisis-affected people, addressing nutrient deficiencies, and providing school meals.
The Lake Ontario-St. Lawrence River waterway supports multiple users in the U.S. and Canada that live, visit, or conduct business in the region. Representatives of both countries serve on a commission that implements Plan 2014, which governs water releases from the lake into the river.
Some countries in Central America have struggled with high levels of poverty and unemployment, fragile political and judicial systems, widespread drug trafficking and violence, and high homicide rates. The region has become a significant source of migration to the U.S.
Worldwide, tobacco use kills more people annually than tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV/AIDS combined.
Congress restricts the Departments of State, Commerce, and Agriculture's promotion of tobacco exports.
Over 20 U.S. agencies provide foreign assistance for activities ranging from promoting democracy and better health to building the capacity of local security forces.
We looked at 52 strategies used by the 6 agencies that provide most foreign assistance and found they had well-defined goals.
The U.S. belongs to several multilateral organizations of North and South American countries, the largest of which is the Organization of American States.
In a report on which this testimony is based, we found that the U.S.
"Cargo preference" laws require agencies to ship half of U.S. food aid to a given geographic area on U.S. ships. The intent is to ensure a merchant marine—both ships and mariners—will be available to help the military when needed.