Recommendations Database

GAO’s recommendations database contains report recommendations that still need to be addressed. GAO’s priority recommendations are those that we believe warrant priority attention. We sent letters to the heads of key departments and agencies, urging them to continue focusing on these issues. Below you can search only priority recommendations, or search all recommendations.

Our recommendations help congressional and agency leaders prepare for appropriations and oversight activities, as well as help improve government operations. Moreover, when implemented, some of our priority recommendations can save large amounts of money, help Congress make decisions on major issues, and substantially improve or transform major government programs or agencies, among other benefits.

As of February 24, 2020, there are 6585 open recommendations, of which 415 are priority recommendations. Recommendations remain open until they are designated as Closed-implemented or Closed-not implemented.

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GAO launched our redesigned website on February 13, 2020. Due to technical issues, some searches under “all recommendations” may return inflated totals. We are working to address this issue as soon as possible.

1 - 20 of 416 Recommendations
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DOD Training: U.S. Cyber Command and Services Should Take Actions to Maintain a Trained Cyber Mission Force

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4 Open Recommendations
4 Priority
Agency Recommendation Status
Department of Defense
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of the Air Force should ensure that Air Forces Cyber coordinate with CYBERCOM to develop a plan that comprehensively assesses and identifies specific CMF training requirements for phases two (foundational), three (collective), and four (sustainment), in order to maintain the appropriate sizing and deployment of personnel across the Air Force's CMF teams. (Recommendation 5)
Open

DOD agreed with the recommendation. When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Department of Defense
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Commandant of the Marine Corps should ensure that Marine Corps Forces Cyberspace coordinate with CYBERCOM to develop a plan that comprehensively assesses and identifies specific CMF training requirements for phases two (foundational), three (collective), and four (sustainment), in order to maintain the appropriate sizing and deployment of personnel across the Marine Corps' CMF teams. (Recommendation 6)
Open

DOD agreed with the recommendation. When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Department of Defense
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of the Army should ensure that Army Cyber Command coordinate with CYBERCOM to develop a plan that comprehensively assesses and identifies specific CMF training requirements for phases two (foundational), three (collective), and four (sustainment), in order to maintain the appropriate sizing and deployment of personnel across the Army's CMF teams. (Recommendation 3)
Open

DOD agreed with the recommendation. When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Department of Defense
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of the Navy should ensure that Fleet Cyber Command coordinate with CYBERCOM to develop a plan that comprehensively assesses and identifies specific CMF training requirements for phases three (collective) and four (sustainment) in order to maintain the appropriate sizing and deployment of personnel across the Navy's CMF teams. (Recommendation 4)
Open

DOD agreed with the recommendation. When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

National Nuclear Security Administration: Additional Actions Needed to Collect Common Financial Data

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1 Open Recommendations
1 Priority
Agency Recommendation Status
National Nuclear Security Administration
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The NNSA Administrator should implement a common work breakdown structure across NNSA program offices in the nuclear security enterprise, standardized at a high level to allow for program office customization but also to allow for the collection of total program costs. (Recommendation 1)
Open

In May 2019, NNSA decided to assess the feasibility of implementing a common work breakdown structure across all of the program offices. In fiscal year 2020, NNSA plans to collect the management and operating (M&O) contractors' financial data using the common work breakdown structure for all program offices and--for the Offices of Safety, Infrastructure and Operations and Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation--the programmatic work breakdown structures. In March 2020, NNSA plans to make a decision on whether to implement a common work breakdown structure across all of the program offices.

Defense Management: DOD Needs to Implement Statutory Requirements and Identify Resources for Its Cross-Functional Reform Teams

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1 Open Recommendations
1 Priority
Agency Recommendation Status
Department of Defense
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of Defense should ensure that the Chief Management Officer establishes a process for identifying and prioritizing available funding to develop and implement initiatives from the cross-functional reform teams. (Recommendation 1)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Indian Programs: Interior Should Address Factors Hindering Tribal Administration of Federal Programs

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1 Open Recommendations
1 Priority
Agency Recommendation Status
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Assistant Secretary of Indian Affairs should develop a process so that all regional and agency offices consistently provide tribes with documentation on calculations and methodologies to identify resources available to administer a program using a self-determination contract. (Recommendation 1)
Open

Interior agreed with this recommendation and stated that it will develop updated procedures on the response to tribal inquiries for resources available for self-determination contracts. To fully implement this recommendation, BIA needs to develop updated procedures to respond to tribal inquiries regarding available resources.

2020 Census: Additional Steps Needed to Finalize Readiness for Peak Field Operations

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1 Open Recommendations
1 Priority
Agency Recommendation Status
Department of Commerce
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of Commerce should ensure that the Director of the Census Bureau identifies and implements changes to align census field supervisor screening, authorities, and information flows to allow greater use of the census field supervisor position to provide supervisory support to enumerators. (Recommendation 2)
Open

In its February 2019 action plan, the Bureau indicated having updated the Census Field Supervisor hiring assessment to include questions on supervisory experience, in line with draft documentation provided near the end of our engagement. The Bureau also indicated that, by June 2019, it would communicate as part of supervisor training increased supervisory responsibilities and the need to more actively work with enumerators in answering casework questions. As of January 2020, we are reviewing updated Bureau training documentation on census field supervisor responsibilities. To fully implement

Fraud Risk Management: OMB Should Improve Guidelines and Working-Group Efforts to Support Agencies' Implementation of the Fraud Reduction and Data Analytics Act

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1 Open Recommendations
1 Priority
Agency Recommendation Status
Office of Management and Budget
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Director of OMB should ensure the working group's composition meets FRDAA requirements by involving the CFO of all agencies subject to the act by inviting them to participate or otherwise providing access and input into the working group, and ensure that mechanisms to share controls, best practices, and data-analytics techniques are in place. (Recommendation 3)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Federal Workforce: Opportunities Exist for OPM to Further Innovation in Performance Management

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3 Open Recommendations
3 Priority
Agency Recommendation Status
Office of Personnel Management
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Director of OPM, in consultation with the Chief Human Capital Officers (CHCO) Council, should establish and implement a process for regularly updating the performance management website to include all available guidance and resources, making this information easily accessible, and providing links to other related websites. (Recommendation 1)
Open

OPM agreed with this recommendation. To fully address this recommendation, OPM needs to implement a process to regularly update its performance management website with all available guidance and resources.

Office of Personnel Management
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Director of OPM, in consultation with the CHCO Council, should develop and implement a mechanism for agencies to routinely and independently share promising practices and lessons learned, such as through allowing agencies to post such information on OPM's Performance Management portal. (Recommendation 2)
Open

OPM agreed with this recommendation. To fully address this recommendation, OPM needs to implement a mechanism for agencies to share lessons learned.

Office of Personnel Management
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Director of OPM, in consultation with the CHCO Council, should develop a strategic approach for identifying and sharing emerging research and innovations in performance management. (Recommendation 3)
Open

OPM agreed with this recommendation. To fully implement this recommendation, OPM needs to develop a strategic approach for identifying and sharing emerging research and innovations in performance management.

Defense Real Property: DOD Needs to Take Additional Actions to Improve Management of Its Inventory Data

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6 Open Recommendations
6 Priority
Agency Recommendation Status
Department of Defense
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of Defense should ensure that the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in collaboration with the military services, develops a strategy that identifies and addresses risks to data quality and information accessibility. At a minimum, this strategy should establish time frames and performance metrics for addressing risks related to (1) unfilled real property positions, (2) a lack of a department-wide approach to improving its data, and (3) implementation of OSD's expanded data platform. (Recommendation 6)
Open

DOD partially concurred with this recommendation and stated that it plans to collaborate with the military services on separate service strategies that reflect each military service's operating environment. However, we continue to believe that DOD would benefit from one department-wide strategy to improve data quality and information accessibility. When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Department of the Army
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of the Army should require monitoring of its processes used for recording all required real property information--to include evaluating on an ongoing basis whether or to what extent these activities are being carried out--and remediating any identified deficiencies. (Recommendation 1)
Open

The Army concurred with this recommendation. When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Department of the Navy
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of the Navy should require monitoring of Navy and Marine Corps processes used for recording all required real property information--to include evaluating on an ongoing basis whether or to what extent these activities are being carried out--and remediating any identified deficiencies. (Recommendation 2)
Open

The Navy concurred with this recommendation. When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Department of the Air Force
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of the Air Force should require monitoring of its processes used for recording all required real property information--to include evaluating on an ongoing basis whether or to what extent these activities are being carried out--and remediating any identified deficiencies. (Recommendation 3)
Open

The Air Force concurred with this recommendation. When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Department of Defense
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of Defense should ensure that the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in collaboration with the military services, defines and documents which data elements within the RPAD submissions are most significant for decision-making. (Recommendation 4)
Open

DOD concurred with this recommendation. When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Department of Defense
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of Defense should ensure that the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in collaboration with the military services, coordinates on corrective action plans to remediate discrepancies in significant data elements in its real property data system that are identified by OSD's verification and validation tool. (Recommendation 5)
Open

DOD concurred with this recommendation. When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Defense Health Care: DOD Should Demonstrate How Its Plan to Transfer the Administration of Military Treatment Facilities Will Improve Efficiency

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2 Open Recommendations
2 Priority
Agency Recommendation Status
Department of Defense
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of Defense should ensure that the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, in coordination with Director of the DHA and the Surgeons General of the military departments, define and analyze the 16 operational readiness and installation-specific medical functions currently excluded from transfer to the DHA to determine whether opportunities exist to reduce or better manage duplicative functions and improve efficiencies in the administration of the MTFs. (Recommendation 1)
Open

In commenting on a draft of this report, DOD concurred with this recommendation and noted it plans to take actions to address it.

Department of Defense
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Secretary of Defense should ensure that the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, in coordination with DHA Assistant Director for Health Care Administration and the Secretaries of the military departments, validate headquarters-level personnel requirements to determine that they are established at the minimum levels necessary--per DOD guidance--to accomplish missions and achieve objectives before transferring authority, direction, and control of the MTFs to the DHA for the third phase. (Recommendation 2)
Open

In commenting on a draft of this report, DOD concurred with this recommendation and noted that it plans to take actions to address it.

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