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As of January 31, 2023, there are 4840 open recommendations that still need to be addressed. 471 of these are priority recommendations, those that we believe warrant priority attention. Learn more about our priority designation on our Recommendations page.

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1 - 20 of 44 Recommendations, including 0 Priority Recommendations

China: Efforts Underway to Address Technology Transfer Risk at U.S. Universities, but ICE Could Improve Related Data

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2 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should establish milestones for completing the assessment required by NSPM-33 section 4(d)(ii). (Recommendation 1)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should take steps to improve employer information in SEVIS or otherwise update the records of foreign students approved for OPT as appropriate. (Recommendation 2)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Immigration Detention: Actions Needed to Collect Consistent Information for Segregated Housing Oversight

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2 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should provide specific guidance to ERO field offices on the level of detail needed in the documentation supporting segregated housing placements. (Recommendation 1)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should identify in the agency's data system for segregated housing placements all known detained noncitizens ICE considers vulnerable in its segregated housing policy. (Recommendation 2)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Immigration Detention: ICE Needs to Strengthen Oversight of Informed Consent for Medical Care

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3 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should establish and communicate a policy requiring IHSC-staffed detention facilities to collect informed consent documentation for medical care from community providers. (Recommendation 1)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should require non-IHSC-staffed detention facilities to collect informed consent documentation for medical care from community providers. (Recommendation 2)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Once ICE establishes and communicates policies and requirements for all detention facilities to collect informed consent documentation for medical care from community providers, the Director of ICE should require that oversight mechanisms include a review of this documentation as part of the agency's oversight of detention facilities. (Recommendation 3)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Alternatives to Detention: ICE Needs to Better Assess Program Performance and Improve Contract Oversight

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10 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should develop a mechanism for ERO to record the completion of ATD supervision reviews. (Recommendation 1)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should regularly monitor the information on ATD supervision reviews to ensure that the reviews occur according to policy. (Recommendation 2)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should establish performance goals with measurable targets for the ATD program that cover core program activities and participant outcomes. (Recommendation 3)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should include information on absconsions relative to the population of both active and unenrolled participants when externally reporting absconsion information for the ATD program. (Recommendation 4)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should consistently explain ICE's methodology for calculating absconsion statistics when externally reporting absconsion information for the ATD program. (Recommendation 5)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should ensure that its oversight activities collect the information needed to assess all performance standards in the contract. (Recommendation 6)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should ensure the results of its oversight activities are recorded in a manner that allows for analysis of the contractor's overall performance against each standard. (Recommendation 7)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Once ICE collects the information needed to assess all performance standards and records the results in a manner that allows for analysis, the Director of ICE should use the oversight findings to assess whether the contractor is meeting the acceptable quality levels for all performance standards and document the results. (Recommendation 8)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should take steps to ensure that the ATD program contractor addresses findings identified through case file audits and that ICE documents their resolution. (Recommendation 9)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should monitor whether the ATD contractor is providing participants with access to legal orientation presentations as required by the contract. (Recommendation 10)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Export Controls: Enforcement Agencies Should Better Leverage Information to Target Efforts Involving U.S. Universities

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3 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should assess which, if any, additional risk factors are relevant for identifying universities at greater risk for sensitive technology transfers, including unauthorized deemed exports. (Recommendation 4)
Open

The Department of Homeland Security concurred with the recommendation. In response to the recommendation, DHS provided information about the actions it plans to take to address this recommendation. Specifically, DHS plans to continue to coordinate with internal stakeholders to assess additional risk factors relevant to identifying universities at risk for sensitive technology transfers and unauthorized deemed exports. As of July 2022 we had not received an update from the agency concerning actions taken to address the recommendation. We will continue to monitor DHS's progress in implementing

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should implement a mechanism to periodically assess the relevance and sufficiency of risk factors considered in identifying at-risk universities to address new or evolving threats to U.S. university research, including threats pertaining to sensitive technology transfers and unauthorized deemed exports. (Recommendation 5)
Open

The Department of Homeland Security concurred with the recommendation. In response to the recommendation, DHS provided information about the actions it plans to take to address this recommendation. Specifically, DHS plans to continue to coordinate with internal stakeholders to assess additional risk factors relevant to identifying universities at risk for sensitive technology transfers and unauthorized deemed exports. As of July 2022 we had not received an update from the agency concerning actions taken to address the recommendation. We will continue to monitor DHS's progress in implementing

United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement The Director of ICE should share with field offices the results of any analyses aimed at identifying U.S. universities at greater risk for sensitive technology transfers. (Recommendation 6)
Open

The Department of Homeland Security concurred with the recommendation. In response to the recommendation, DHS provided information about the actions it plans to take to address this recommendation. Specifically, DHS plans to share the risk ranking it has already developed with all field offices and to provide an updated risk ranking by the end of the calendar year. DHS's comments stated that this information will include an explanation of how to assess and use the risk rankings for academic outreach. As of July 2022 we had not received an update from the agency concerning actions taken to

Note: the list of open recommendations for the last report may continue on the next page.

Have a Question about a Recommendation?

For questions about a specific recommendation, contact the person or office listed with the recommendation. For general information about recommendations, contact GAO's Audit Policy and Quality Assurance office at (202) 512-6100 or apqa@gao.gov.