Recommendations Database

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As of January 30, 2023, there are 4847 open recommendations that still need to be addressed. 473 of these are priority recommendations, those that we believe warrant priority attention. Learn more about our priority designation on our Recommendations page.

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1 - 13 of 13 Recommendations, including 0 Priority Recommendations

Southwest Border: CBP Oversees Short-Term Custody Standards, but Border Patrol Could Better Monitor Care of At-Risk Individuals

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1 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of the Border Patrol should develop and implement a mechanism to monitor the agency's compliance with welfare check requirements for certain at-risk individuals in custody (Recommendation 1).
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Border Patrol: Actions Needed to Improve Checkpoint Oversight and Data

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7 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of Border Patrol should ensure that sectors and the Checkpoint Program Management Office (CPMO) are overseeing that checkpoint activity data are consistently and accurately recorded. This should include (but not be limited to) overseeing data on apprehensions of smuggled people, canine assists with drug seizures, seizures of trace amounts of marijuana, non-drug property seizures, and attempted checkpoint circumventions. (Recommendation 1)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of Border Patrol should ensure that Border Patrol uses its data system to document information about all people for whom a checkpoint encounter leads to a subsequent enforcement action. (Recommendation 2)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of Border Patrol should require checkpoints with license plate readers to document secondary inspections by using the Border Enforcement Secondary Tool as intended. (Recommendation 3)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of Border Patrol should provide sustained oversight of CPMO and hold it accountable for implementing its checkpoint oversight activities. (Recommendation 4)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of Border Patrol should ensure that CPMO is consistently and adequately staffed. (Recommendation 5)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of Border Patrol should update CPMO's roles and responsibilities and communicate them across Border Patrol, including to sectors. (Recommendation 6)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of Border Patrol should develop policies and procedures for CPMO's checkpoint oversight activities. (Recommendation 7)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Border Security: CBP Could Improve How It Categorizes Drug Seizure Data and Evaluates Training

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1 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of Border Patrol should finalize and implement a plan to regularly evaluate the drug seizures portion of the National Field Training Program. (Recommendation 3)
Open

When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Southwest Border: CBP Should Improve Data Collection, Reporting, and Evaluation for the Missing Migrant Program

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3 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of Border Patrol should take steps to ensure that the agency collects and records available information on migrant deaths, including those identified by external entities, along the southwest border. (Recommendation 1)
Open – Partially Addressed

Border Patrol concurred with our recommendation and has taken several steps to address it. For example, in May 2022, Border Patrol sent the Missing Migrant Program sector coordinators an email restating the definition of a reportable death that emphasized that incidents meeting this definition must be recorded in the system of record for migrant death information. Additionally, Border Patrol officials told us that in September and October 2022, headquarters officials visited 6 locations to review program activities at the field level. During these visits, headquarters officials also met with

U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of Border Patrol should include known migrant deaths, including those reported by external entities, and any data limitations in public agency reports and those to Congress. (Recommendation 2)
Open – Partially Addressed

Border Patrol concurred with this recommendation and has actions planned or underway to address it. For example, Border Patrol is capturing data on its sectors' engagement with external entities, such as medical examiners and coroners, non-governmental organizations, and law enforcement agencies along the southwest border. According to Border Patrol, these engagements may help the agency identify possible data limitations, such as migrant deaths that were not previously known to Border Patrol. While these are positive steps, in order to fully address this recommendation Border Patrol needs to

U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of Border Patrol should develop a plan with time frames to evaluate the Missing Migrant Program. (Recommendation 3)
Open – Partially Addressed

Border Patrol concurred with our recommendation and has actions underway to address it. For example, the Missing Migrant Program held a sector coordinator meeting in April 2022 where, among other actions, they established goals and objectives for the program. The Missing Migrant Program held another coordinator meeting in November 2022. Border Patrol stated that they plan to evaluate the program goals, reporting procedures and data integrity at the coordinator meetings. Border Patrol also stated that they will create an annual plan to discuss program goals and timeframes, and that they will

Northern Border Security: CBP Identified Resource Challenges but Needs Performance Measures to Assess Security Between Ports of Entry

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1 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
U.S. Border Patrol The Chief of Border Patrol should develop and implement performance measures to assess its effectiveness at securing the northern border between ports of entry (Recommendation 1).
Open

Border Patrol concurred with this recommendation and in an April 2020 update stated that it is developing new northern border security metrics. Border Patrol is in the process of evaluating them and coordinating with subject matter experts to ensure they are valid. In a September 2021 update, Border Patrol stated that it is coordinating with northern border sectors and stations, as well as subject matter experts, to collect data that are relevant to the northern border operational environment in order to better measure performance. Border Patrol estimated the measures will be implemented by

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For questions about a specific recommendation, contact the person or office listed with the recommendation. For general information about recommendations, contact GAO's Audit Policy and Quality Assurance office at (202) 512-6100 or apqa@gao.gov.