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As of February 1, 2023, there are 4825 open recommendations that still need to be addressed. 464 of these are priority recommendations, those that we believe warrant priority attention. Learn more about our priority designation on our Recommendations page.

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1 - 10 of 10 Recommendations, including 2 Priority Recommendations

Traffic Safety: Implementing Leading Practices Could Improve Management of Mandated Rulemakings and Reports

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4 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration The NHTSA Deputy Administrator should update NHTSA's rulemaking procedures to require the use of leading project schedule management practices for the activities needed to draft a proposed rule. (Recommendation 1)
Open

NHTSA concurred with this recommendation. In September 2022, NHTSA reported to us that it would update its procedures for drafting a proposed rule by December 30, 2023. We will evaluate those procedures once they are completed and provide updated information on the status of NHTSA efforts to implement our recommendation..

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration The NHTSA Deputy Administrator should update NHTSA's procedures for developing reports to Congress to require the use of leading project schedule management practices for the activities needed to draft a report. (Recommendation 2)
Open

NHTSA concurred with this recommendation. In September 2022, NHTSA reported to us that it would update its procedures for developing reports to Congress by December 30, 2023. We will evaluate those procedures once they are completed and provide updated information on the status of NHTSA efforts to implement our recommendation.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration The NHTSA Deputy Administrator should provide additional information on incomplete rulemakings to Congress, including the substantive activities that NHTSA completed between rulemaking milestones. NHTSA could consider providing this information as part of the biannual reports required by the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act. (Recommendation 3)
Open

NHTSA concurred with this recommendation. In September 2022, NHTSA reported to us that it was in the process of finalizing the first biannual report required by the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, and that this and subsequent biannual reports would include information on substantive activities that NHTSA completed between rulemaking milestones, as appropriate. We will review the first biannual report once it is available and provide updated information on the status of NHTSA efforts to implement our recommendation.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration The NHTSA Deputy Administrator should update NHTSA's publicly available information, such as the Reports Sent to Congress webpage or the DOT Research Hub, to include mandated research reports. (Recommendation 4)
Open

NHTSA concurred with this recommendation. In September 2022, NHTSA reported to us that it would determine the best method for publicly sharing mandated research reports online by January 30, 2023. We will review and evaluate those methods once they are available to provide updated information on the status of NHTSA efforts to implement our recommendation.

Pedestrians and Cyclists: Better Information to States and Enhanced Performance Management Could Help DOT Improve Safety

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2 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration The NHTSA Administrator should take steps to collect information on the range of countermeasures implemented by states and analyze that information to help advance what is known about countermeasures' effectiveness and then share results with states. (Recommendation 1)
Open

In November 2021, DOT stated that it concurred with this recommendation and identified steps that NHTSA plans to take to address the recommendation. Specifically, NHTSA plans to conduct a detailed review of states' highway safety plans to identify the range and extent of pedestrian and bicyclist countermeasures implemented during a year. NHTSA intends to analyze countermeasure effectiveness, consistent with the availability of data, and communicate its findings to states so they may improve their programs. NHTSA plans to complete these actions by December 31, 2023. We are encouraged by this

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration The NHTSA Administrator should more fully use performance management practices to guide its pedestrian and cyclist safety activities, such as (1) by developing performance measures for NHTSA and the program offices responsible for implementing pedestrian and cyclist safety activities to demonstrate how these activities contribute to safety goals, and (2) by using performance information to make any necessary changes to advance pedestrian and cyclist safety efforts. (Recommendation 2)
Open

In November 2021, DOT stated that it partially concurred with this recommendation and identified plans that NHTSA plans to take to assess available pedestrian and cyclist data and resources to inform the development of safety countermeasures. According to DOT, NHTSA's national safety outcome information and state performance data will be a part of this framework to advance safety. Further, NHTSA's development of performance measures will include output measures, such as projects completed and total expenditures, on pedestrian and bicycles countermeasures funded through NHTSA programs, as well

Pedestrian Safety: NHTSA Needs to Decide Whether to Include Pedestrian Safety Tests in Its New Car Assessment Program

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2 Open Recommendations
2 Priority
Agency Recommendation Status
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Administrator of NHTSA should document the overall process for making changes to NCAP, including established criteria and milestones for decisions, and share this process with external stakeholders. (Recommendation 2)
Open

As of March 2022, NHTSA updated its website to identify four prerequisites NHTSA considers when determining whether to update NCAP-including whether the update would improve safety and whether an objective test procedure exists for the update. The revised webpage also describes NHTSA's process for requesting public comments on proposed changes through the Federal Register before issuing a final decision on NCAP changes. In addition, through a March 9, 2022 notice to the Federal Register, NHTSA requested comments from the public on proposed changes to NCAP in which NHTSA proposed establishing a

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Priority Rec.
This is a priority recommendation.
The Administrator of NHTSA should decide whether to include pedestrian safety tests in NCAP and NHTSA should communicate this decision and rationale to relevant stakeholders and the public. (Recommendation 3)
Open

As of March 2022, NHTSA has requested comments from the public on several proposed changes to NCAP, including a proposal to add pedestrian automatic emergency braking to NCAP by establishing procedures to test the effectiveness of this technology to detect a pedestrian in the vehicle's path and stop the vehicle before a collision occurs. In its request for comments, NHTSA also proposed 10-year roadmap for NCAP in which NHTSA stated that it plans to propose a crashworthiness pedestrian protection testing program in NCAP in 2022 that would incorporate three crashworthiness tests to assess

Traffic Safety: Improved Reporting Could Clarify States' Achievement of Fatality and Injury Targets

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1 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration The NHTSA Administrator should develop and implement a mechanism that communicates to Congress and other stakeholders whether states achieve their fatality and serious injury targets. (Recommendation 2)
Open

. In June 2022, GAO staff contacted DOT for an update and learned that the Department plans to provide update information in July 2022. Once this information is received, GAO will update the status of this recommendation accordingly.

Next Generation 911: National 911 Program Could Strengthen Efforts to Assist States

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1 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Regarding the National 911 Program, the Administrator of NHTSA should, in collaboration with the appropriate federal agencies, determine roles and responsibilities of federal agencies participating in the National NG911 Roadmap initiative in order to carry out the national-level tasks over which each agency has jurisdiction. (Recommendation 2)
Open

Previously, the Department of Transportation (DOT) indicated that the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) has been delayed in its efforts to implement this recommendation due to the National 911 Program's role in the COVID-19 pandemic response. DOT's goal is to implement the recommendation by September 30, 2022. A DOT official confirmed in April 2022 that they are still working to meet this goal. We will continue to follow-up with DOT about progress implementing this recommendation.

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For questions about a specific recommendation, contact the person or office listed with the recommendation. For general information about recommendations, contact GAO's Audit Policy and Quality Assurance office at (202) 512-6100 or apqa@gao.gov.