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As of February 1, 2023, there are 4825 open recommendations that still need to be addressed. 464 of these are priority recommendations, those that we believe warrant priority attention. Learn more about our priority designation on our Recommendations page.

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1 - 8 of 8 Recommendations, including 0 Priority Recommendations

Capitol Attack: Additional Actions Needed to Better Prepare Capitol Police Officers for Violent Demonstrations

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5 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
Capitol Police Board The Chief of the U.S. Capitol Police should take additional actions to better understand officers' comprehension of the department's expectations and policies related to the use of force, including identifying underlying causes related to potential officer hesitancy to use force. (Recommendation 1)
Open – Partially Addressed

The U.S. Capitol Police (Capitol Police) have taken some actions to address our recommendation to better understand officers' comprehension of the department's expectations and policies related to the use of force, but other actions are still ongoing. Since we closed our survey of Capitol Police officers in September 2021, Capitol Police has issued four bulletins related to use of force. For example, Capitol Police issued a bulletin in late February 2022 in advance of an anticipated truck convoy event to remind officers of some important components of the department's use of force policy

Capitol Police Board The Chief of the U.S. Capitol Police should make changes, as appropriate, to policy, guidance, and training to address findings from actions taken to better understand officers' comprehension of the department's expectations and policies related to the use of force. (Recommendation 2)
Open

As of September 2022, U.S. Capitol Police officials stated that the department was in the process of finalizing its updated use of force policy. According to officials, the updates are to better reflect the tenets of modem policing such as requiring de-escalation, adding a duty to report any improper uses of force by fellow officers and an explicit ban on chokeholds. The new policy was expected to be finalized by the end of summer 2022. We will continue to monitor Capitol Police's efforts to update its use of force policy.

Capitol Police Board The Chief of the U.S. Capitol Police should take actions to provide more refresher crowd control training to prepare all officers, including those who are not part of the Civil Disturbance Unit, for large-scale and potentially violent demonstrations. (Recommendation 3)
Open

According U.S. Capitol Police officials, from January through September 2022, the department held five separate three-day refresher Civil Disturbance Unit training classes, training nearly 130 officers. The officials added that class is being offered on a monthly basis between September 2022 and the end of 2023, and the department expects to provide this refresher training to at least 375 additional officers during that time. We have requested additional documentation related to this training, including information on whether officers who are not part of the Civil Disturbance Unit are able to

Capitol Police Board The Chief of the U.S. Capitol Police should take actions to provide officers with more realistic training, such as in person and hands-on training. (Recommendation 4)
Open

As of September 2022, U.S. Capitol Police officials stated that they have taken several actions to provide officers with more realistic training. These actions include the addition of scenario-based training, incorporation of roles players, and training on Capitol grounds. The department also acquired and plans to implement an updated virtual simulator program, which U.S. Capitol Police officials stated will provide realistic judgmental use of force simulator and de-escalation scenario training for officers in various scenarios. We have requested documentation related to these training

Capitol Police Board The Chief of the U.S. Capitol Police should identify underlying factors related to employees' concerns with the department following the January 6 attack and develop an action plan to address these issues. (Recommendation 5)
Open

U.S. Capitol Police (Capitol Police) officials stated in September 2022 that based on GAO's report and the department's ongoing internal discussions with officers and employees, the department identified several broad areas of employee concerns arising out of the January 6 attack, including: (1) lack of preparation for an event of the magnitude of the attack; (2) lack of guidance before and during the event; (3) misunderstandings regarding the permissible use of force; (4) additional training and equipment; (5) concerns about department leadership, and (6) the effective delivery of actionable

Capitol Attack: The Capitol Police Need Clearer Emergency Procedures and a Comprehensive Security Risk Assessment Process

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2 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
Capitol Police Board The Capitol Police Board should finalize and document its procedures for obtaining outside assistance in an emergency that, for example, clearly detail roles and responsibilities. (Recommendation 1)
Open

As of September 2022, the Capitol Police Board has not taken a position on GAO's recommendation or provided information on any actions it has taken related to implementing this recommendation. We will continue to monitor the Capitol Police Board's efforts to address this recommendation.

Capitol Police Board The Capitol Police Board should finalize and document its procedures for considering recommended countermeasures from the Capitol Police's security surveys, including documenting the rationale for accepting risk when recommendations are not implemented. (Recommendation 2)
Open

As of September 2022, the Capitol Police Board has not taken a position on GAO's recommendation or provided information on any actions it has taken related to implementing this recommendation. We will continue to monitor the Capitol Police Board's efforts to address this recommendation.

Capitol Police Board: Fully Incorporating Leading Governance Practices Would Help Enhance Accountability, Transparency, and External Communication

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1 Open Recommendations
Agency Recommendation Status
Capitol Police Board To ensure that the Capitol Police Board's current and any new approaches help enhance accountability, transparency, and effective external communication with its stakeholders, the Board should revise its Manual of Procedures to fully incorporate each of the leading practices for internal control and governance standards discussed in this report. In so doing, the Board should engage stakeholders in the revision process, such as by soliciting their input on any non-statutory changes that could particularly address the concerns stakeholders have raised, and incorporating their views as appropriate. If, in making revisions to its Manual, the Board determines that statutory changes may be helpful to enhance Board operations, then the Board should also engage with stakeholders on such proposed changes.
Open

In December 2021 the Board finalized its updates to its Manual and briefed its congressional stakeholders on the changes. We have reviewed the Manual to assess its inclusion of leading practices and conferred with Congressional stakeholders to understand their knowledge of the Manual's updates and the scope and nature of their interactions with the Board. We will continue to monitor the engagement between the Board and its congressional stakeholders as the Board implements its recent updates to the Manual.

Have a Question about a Recommendation?

For questions about a specific recommendation, contact the person or office listed with the recommendation. For general information about recommendations, contact GAO's Audit Policy and Quality Assurance office at (202) 512-6100 or apqa@gao.gov.