Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed employee-related aspects of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund program, focusing on the: (1) type and extent of skilled staff shortages; (2) extent to which skilled federal and state employees are leaving for private-sector positions; (3) pay differentials between the public and private sectors for skilled positions; (4) success of Department of Defense (DOD) and Office of Personnel Management (OPM) programs in retaining skilled personnel; and (5) training required to improve employee skills.
Recommendations for Executive Action
|Environmental Protection Agency||To develop a more informed basis for determining Superfund's staffing requirements and work-force skill mix, the Administrator, EPA, should examine the costs and benefits of using more objective techniques to determine staffing requirements (levels), including the collection of more specific historical time data from employees to help validate the reasonableness of its staffing estimates.|
|Environmental Protection Agency||To develop a more informed basis for determining Superfund's staffing requirements and work-force skill mix, the Administrator, EPA, should use productivity measures to gauge the appropriateness of the work-force size and skill mix, including regional variations.|
|Environmental Protection Agency||To meet present as well as future training needs, the Administrator, EPA, should direct the Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response to implement its plans and proposed policies for improving the Superfund training program.|