Sugar Program:

Impact on Sweetener Users and Producers

T-RCED-95-204: Published: May 24, 1995. Publicly Released: May 24, 1995.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

GAO discussed the impact of: (1) the U.S. sugar program on sweetener users and producers; and (2) domestic and international conditions on the sugar program's operations. GAO noted that: (1) the sugar program's price support loans and tariff-rate import quotas protect domestic producers from lower world prices, costing sweetener users about $1.4 billion annually; (2) sugar program benefits are concentrated among a relatively small percentage of farms; (3) high domestic sugar prices allow manufacturers of high fructose corn syrup, sugar's main competitor, to keep their prices high; (4) the Department of Agriculture (USDA) has imposed legislatively mandated limits on the amount of domestic sugar that producers can sell; (5) USDA has also assigned marketing allocations to beet and cane sugar based on past marketings, processing and refining capacity, and the ability to market sugar; and (6) recent international trade agreements will have little impact on U.S. sugar prices and the U.S. sugar market.

Sep 16, 2020

Sep 14, 2020

Aug 10, 2020

May 7, 2020

Apr 13, 2020

Dec 23, 2019

Dec 6, 2019

Nov 12, 2019

Oct 28, 2019

Sep 9, 2019

Looking for more? Browse all our products here