Military Base Closures:

Analysis of DOD's Process and Recommendations for 1995

T-NSIAD-95-132: Published: Apr 17, 1995. Publicly Released: Apr 17, 1995.

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GAO discussed its report on the Department of Defense's (DOD) process and recommendations for the 1995 round of base realignments and closures (BRAC). GAO noted that: (1) DOD 1995 BRAC recommendations will save an estimated $17.3 billion over 20 years, but environmental restorations could offset these savings; (2) while the fiscal year (FY) 1996 DOD budget represents a 39-percent reduction from its FY 1985 peak, the 1995 BRAC round and previous major base closures together represent only a 21-percent infrastructure reduction; (3) considerable excess in DOD capacity and infrastructure will remain after the 1995 BRAC round; (4) DOD and the services have improved the BRAC process by using more precise categorizations of bases and activities and more accurate cost and savings estimates; (5) DOD needs to enhance its consolidation of cross-service activities to achieve greater cost savings; (6) the 1995 DOD BRAC process is generally sound and well documented, but some recommendations are questionable and require greater scrutiny; (7) the Air Force's BRAC process remains too subjective, poorly documented, and heavily influenced by preliminary cost estimates; and (8) after BRAC authorization expires, DOD will need a mechanism to handle the changes and problems arising out of earlier BRAC rounds and to reduce its infrastructure further.

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