The Drug War:

Counternarcotics Programs in Colombia and Peru

T-NSIAD-92-9: Published: Feb 20, 1992. Publicly Released: Feb 20, 1992.

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GAO discussed U.S. management over and the effectiveness of U.S. military law enforcement aid provided to Peru and Colombia to support the U.S. Andean Drug Strategy. GAO noted that, in Colombia: (1) the United States reasonably applied its flexible policy of using counternarcotics aid against insurgents involved in drug trafficking activities; (2) although the United States approved a strategy implementation plan in April 1990, U.S. embassy officials in Colombia did not finalize a detailed, integrated plan for aid usage until November 1990; (3) the United States lacked a system for monitoring the Colombian military's use of the aid and for evaluating the counternarcotics program's success; and (4) although legislation permitting the United States to provide counternarcotics aid requires that recipient countries not violate civilians' human rights, the incidents of human right abuses are increasing. GAO also found that, in Peru: (1) the United States has yet to make progress in stopping drug activities; (2) in fiscal year 1991, the United States provided $25 million in military aid to Peru for equipping and training military units to conduct counternarcotic operations; (3) although in July 1991, the Department of State determined that Peru was effectively implementing counternarcotics program objectives, Peru continues to violate human rights and experience military control problems; and (4) the United States lacks a reliable system for evaluating the effectiveness of its counternarcotics aid and for monitoring the Peruvian military's use of the aid.

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