Allied Contributions in Support of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm

T-NSIAD-91-52: Published: Jul 31, 1991. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 1991.

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GAO discussed the status of allied contributions to support Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm and the use of such contributions to defray U.S. costs. GAO noted that: (1) the European Commission (EC) and 49 countries contributed support for the Persian Gulf crisis; (2) during the Persian Gulf crisis, 36 countries sent ground, air, or naval forces or support units to the region; (3) allies pledged about $54 billion and contributed about $44.5 billion, including $39.1 billion in cash and $5.4 billion in in-kind support; (4) as of July 31, 1991, the Department of Defense (DOD) had received an additional $1.6 billion in cash and contributions totalling about $46.1 billion; (5) Japanese and Korean pledges to support the operations were reduced due to a misunderstanding between governments; (6) of the $7.9 billion in future receipts, DOD expects to receive about $7.7 billion in cash, including $4.1 billion from Saudi Arabia, $3.5 billion from Kuwait, and up to $129 million from Japan; (7) in addition to cash and in-kind support to the United States, EC and 24 countries pledged about $16.1 billion in economic assistance to Turkey, Jordan, Egypt, and other countries affected by the economic embargo against Iraq; and (8) allied contributions will be used to defray U.S. costs of maintaining military forces in the Persian Gulf, related costs, and incremental costs. GAO believes that: (1) allied cash contributions should be sufficient to finance U.S. funding requirements to pay for the incremental costs of the war; and (2) U.S. taxpayers' funds would not be needed.

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