Refugee-Related Issues in Turkey and the Soviet Union

T-NSIAD-91-35: Published: Sep 23, 1991. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 1991.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

GAO discussed: (1) the displacement of Iraqis and others in Turkey, focusing on U.S. efforts to assist in their support and resettlement; and (2) Soviet refugee processing. GAO noted that: (1) by the end of August 1991, about 38,000 displaced Iraqis were receiving shelter and assistance from the Turkish government; (2) of the approximately 8,000 Iraqis who fled to Turkey, as the Persian Gulf crisis developed, about 5,000 still remain there, while the others returned to Iraq; (3) under international treaty provisions, Turkey has been providing shelter to approximately 2,000 Iraqi military deserters; (4) as a result of the Iran-Iraq war, an estimated 3 million to 4 million displaced Iranians have entered Turkey seeking refuge, and perhaps 500,000 to 1 million remain as aliens; (5) the Turkish government views the Iranians' presence as a serious and taxing problem for the government; (6) in November 1989, the United States contributed $10 million to assist the Turkish government in assimlating over 320,000 Bulgarian ethnic Turks who fled into Turkey in May and June 1989; (7) overseas processing costs for Soviet refugees would be about $68.5 million less in fiscal year (FY) 1991 than the processing cost of refugees in FY 1990, mainly due to the centralization of processing in Moscow; and (8) it was unlikely that the FY 1991 Soviet refugee admissions target of 50,000 would be met primarily due to the refugees' inability to obtain Soviet government exit permission.

Oct 27, 2020

Oct 2, 2020

Sep 22, 2020

Sep 15, 2020

Sep 14, 2020

Aug 27, 2020

Jul 28, 2020

Jun 18, 2020

Jun 9, 2020

May 12, 2020

Looking for more? Browse all our products here