Unauthorized Use of the National Forest Fund
RCED-97-216: Published: Aug 29, 1997. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 1997.
- Full Report:
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Forest Service's use of its National Forest Fund, focusing on: (1) the timber harvest volumes, the timber receipts for fiscal years (FY) 1990 through 1996, and the timber sale funds returned to the Treasury from the National Forest Fund; (2) the actions taken by the Forest Service toward the end of FY 1996 to cover the shortfall in the National Forest Fund; (3) whether the Forest Service has been using the proper funding source for the spotted owl guarantee payment; and (4) the Forest Service's plans for FY 1997 to ensure that the National Forest Fund has sufficient funds to make the payments to the states.
GAO noted that: (1) GAO's analysis of timber sales activities in FY 1990 through 1996 showed that the key indicators of the timber program--harvested volumes, timber receipts, and amounts available for return to the U.S. Treasury--have dramatically decreased; (2) in FY 1996, the forest service was faced with having insufficient funds available in the National Forest Fund to make the required payments to the states--including the legislatively required payment to compensate certain counties in California, Oregon, and Washington for the listing of the northern spotted owl as a threatened species (spotted owl guarantee)--and to meet its other required obligations; (3) in August and September 1996, the Forest Service transferred to the National Forest Fund a total of $56.1 million in timber sale receipts originally intended for deposit in other specific Forest Service funds; (4) however, even with this adjustment, a shortfall of $17.8 million remained; (5) in mid-September, the Forest Service requested that the Treasury make available $135 million appropriated under the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993, for the 1996 payment of the spotted owl guarantee; (6) the Forest Service received approval for the appropriation on November 26, 1996; (7) as of August 12, 1997, the National Forest Fund had a balance of about $116 million for FY 1996 activities; (8) the Forest Service plans to return this amount to the Treasury's General Fund; (9) the Forest Service used the National Forest Fund in FY 1994 and 1995 to make the spotted owl guarantee payments to certain counties in California, Oregon, and Washington; (10) this was an unauthorized use of the fund; (11) instead, the Forest Service was required to use the spotted owl guarantee appropriation specifically enacted for this purpose; (12) on January 29, 1997, the Forest Service: (a) provided initial guidance to its regions on the priority for the distributions of receipts to ensure that funds are available to make payments to the states and to meet other obligations; and (b) required the regions to initiate a review process to ensure that the receipts were managed in accordance with these priorities; (13) in May 1997, the Forest Service established a National Task Force for Trust Funds and Payments to the States; and (14) the task force was charged with developing a national policy for the management of receipts and trust funds so that there would be sufficient receipts available in the National Forest Fund to make the payments to the states and to meet other mandatory obligations.
Recommendations for Executive Action
Status: Closed - Implemented
Comments: To date, the agency has implemented part of the recommendation. That is, the agency has stated that it has requested funds from the U.S. Treasury for the spotted owl guarantee payments in FY 1996-1999, made available by P.L. 103-66, as amended, and will continue to use this authority until termination of the statute. However, the Forest Service has not established a spotted owl account for FY 1994 through FY1995. The Forest Service has not send a request to Treasury to establish the account and make the prior years' adjustments. Based on discussions with the Forest Service it appears that Treasury would be reluctant to make these prior year adjustment.
Recommendation: Because the Forest Service inappropriately made the spotted owl guarantee payments out of the National Forest Fund in FY 1994 and 1995, its accounting records do not properly reflect the operations of the National Forest Fund for these years. Therefore, the Secretary of Agriculture should request that the Secretary of the Treasury establish the spotted owl appropriations account for FY 1994 and 1995, pursuant to Public Law 103-66, as amended, and continue to use this authority until the termination of the statute in FY 2003.
Agency Affected: Department of Agriculture
Status: Closed - Not Implemented
Comments: The Forest Service has not established a spotted owl account for FY 1994 through FY1995. The Forest Service has not requested the Treasury to establish the account and make the prior years' adjustments. Based on discussions with the Forest Service it appears that Treasury would be reluctant to make these prior year adjustment.
Recommendation: The Secretary of Agriculture should direct the Chief of the Forest Service to make the necessary accounting adjustments to properly reflect the use of the spotted owl appropriation in lieu of the National Forest Fund to make the spotted owl payments in FY 1994 and 1995.
Agency Affected: Department of Agriculture