Meat and Poultry Inspection:

Impact of USDA's Food Safety Proposal on State Agencies and Small Plants

RCED-95-228: Published: Jun 30, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 1995.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed state meat and poultry inspection programs, focusing on the possible effects of new food safety regulations on: (1) current state inspection programs; and (2) small meat processing plants.

GAO found that: (1) FSIS has cooperative agreements with 27 states for state meat and poultry inspection programs; (2) the FSIS proposal to extend its Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points System to the states will increase costs to states because their programs must be equal to the federal program; (3) costs to the states will be minimal because FSIS will provide training and fund half the cost of new equipment; (4) small processing plants will be disproportionately affected by the costs of the new regulation; and (5) the processing functions that small plants perform will determine the extent of costs incurred by individual plants.

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