FDA's Inspection of Imported Dairy Products

RCED-92-258R: Published: Sep 2, 1992. Publicly Released: Sep 2, 1992.

Additional Materials:

Contact:

Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800
youngc1@gao.gov

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) inspection of imported dairy products, focusing on the: (1) differences in inspection and sampling procedures for imported dairy products and other imported foods; (2) inspection requirements for imported fresh/frozen milk and cream; (3) differences in FDA inspection and sampling procedures for domestic and imported dairy products; and (4) quantity of FDA-inspected imported dairy products. GAO noted that FDA: (1) has similar inspection procedures for imported dairy products and other food imports, and targets products with a history of violations; (2) samples an average of 4.3 percent of imported dairy products, and sample rates vary between products; (3) samples about 4.5 percent of imported cheese and 1.2 percent of imported butter; (4) found that 9 percent of the 5,217 physical samples between 1986 and 1990 tested positive for microbial contamination, pesticide residues, and filth; (5) relies on foreign governments to inspect and ensure that imported milk and cream products meet U.S. requirements; and (6) inspection of U.S. domestic dairy production includes testing raw materials and processing facilities, monitoring good manufacturing practices, selectively sampling and testing finished products, and multi-agency testing and monitoring cooperation.

Jan 15, 2021

Nov 20, 2020

Nov 16, 2020

Sep 16, 2020

Sep 14, 2020

Aug 10, 2020

May 7, 2020

Apr 13, 2020

Dec 23, 2019

Dec 6, 2019

Looking for more? Browse all our products here