Issue Relating to Escalation Provisions Under Shipbuilding Contracts Warrants Action
PSAD-79-79: Published: Apr 19, 1979. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 1979.
- Full Report:
Construction of a naval ship takes several years. Since construction would be a great risk to shipbuilders if they were not protected from cost increases over which they have little control, shipbuilders are protected by special contract clauses which provide for escalation payments. Because of the recent high inflation rate in the shipbuilding industry and the long construction period needed to complete the ships, the amount of escalation payments are substantial. Under some current shipbuilding contracts the Navy is paying shipbuilders for escalation on costs subject to inflation. Action is needed to prevent such excessive and unwarranted payment under proposed contracts.
Not all of the contractor's costs increase with inflation and some increase slower than others. Regulations state that escalation payments should not be made on costs not affected by fluctuations in the economy, such subcontracted items which may be fixed or certain overhead charges such as depreciation. The percentage of overhead costs on which overhead escalation is computed should not be standard but should vary with the differences among shipyards. The prior Navy practice of providing a standard percent of escalation coverage on different shipbuilders, without determining the actual percentage of costs affected by inflation for each shipbuilder, conflicts with the purpose of allowing escalation payments.
Recommendation for Executive Action
Comments: Please call 202/512-6100 for additional information.
Recommendation: The Secretary of the Navy should: (1) delay the procurement of the FFG-7s under the current request for proposals and delay any other shipbuilding contracts until confidence is restored in contractor escalation payments; (2) direct Navy contracting officers to discontinue the practice of negotiating shipbuilding contracts which provide different shipbuilders with escalation payments for a standard percentage of costs and especially those which provide escalation on all costs; and (3) ensure that the Navy adopt the policy of reviewing shipbuilders' price proposals before contract negotiation to determine the percent of costs subject to inflation.