DOD Service Academies:

Update on Extent of Sexual Harassment

NSIAD-95-58: Published: Mar 31, 1995. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 1995.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO updated information on sexual harassment at the three Department of Defense service academies, focusing on the: (1) extent to which sexual harassment was reported at the academies in the 1993-1994 academic year; (2) forms sexual harassment took; and (3) views of each sex on the consequences of reporting sexual harassment.

GAO found that: (1) more than 70 percent of academy women reported experiencing at least one form of sexual harassment on at least a monthly basis, while about 11 percent of men reported such exposure; (2) the proportion of women at the Naval and Air Force Academies who reported sexual harassment on a recurring basis significantly increased from the 1990-1991 academic year; (3) the most common forms of sexual harassment were verbal comments and visual displays; (4) although men perceived an improvement in the atmosphere and less negative consequences for reporting sexual harassment, women did not perceive an improvement; (5) between 36 and 42 percent of the women were subjected at least once during the year to physical behavior that interfered with their performance or created a hostile environment; and (6) 11 to 22 percent of the women reported sexual advances that were tied to some aspect of their academy careers.

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