Force Structure:

Army's Support Requirements Process Lacks Valid and Consistent Data

NSIAD-95-43: Published: Jan 30, 1995. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 1995.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Army's Total Army Analysis (TAA) process, focusing on whether its results are based on valid logistical data assumptions.

GAO found that: (1) the Army lacks adequate procedures to govern the development and review of logistical data used in the TAA process; (2) until recently, Army regulations only focused on the management and validation of planning factors, and those regulations were not followed; (3) the Army has revised its regulations to require that all logistical TAA data be validated and that the process be centrally managed, but further guidance is needed to ensure the validity of all data and sufficient oversight of the process; and (4) Army programmers sometimes use data and assumptions in the TAA process that differ from what Army component planners use for war plans, which can result in vastly different requirements.

Recommendations for Executive Action

  1. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: DOD concurred with this recommendation and has taken actions to implement it. Logistics planning factors and methodologies have been approved, and the logistics portion of AFPDA has been published in draft. CASCOM has developed procedures to improve the update process and has completed an accuracy review of the existing data and verified the source for each data element.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of the Army should require the Combined Arms Support Command (CASCOM) to establish procedures that specify: (1) how major commands, Army component commands, and schools should validate and maintain data for the Army Force Planning Data and Assumptions document; and (2) what CASCOM will require to exercise its oversight responsibility.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense: Department of the Army

  2. Status: Closed - Not Implemented

    Comments: DOD disagreed with this recommendation. According to DOD officials, the theater planning requirements and TAA requirements are based on different periods of time, different budget levels, and different threats. TAA is a comprehensive process to build force structure and is open enough to allow significant deficiencies to be resolved well in advance of the use of operational plans created by the theater planning process.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of the Army should establish procedures and identify the differences in theater planning requirements and TAA requirements to ensure that there are valid reasons for differences or make adjustments to requirements.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense: Department of the Army


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