Force Structure:

Basis for Future Army Forces in Europe

NSIAD-94-43: Published: Jan 14, 1994. Publicly Released: Jan 25, 1994.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Defense's (DOD) force reduction plans for U.S. military forces in Europe, focusing on the: (1) planned size and composition of the forces at the end of fiscal year 1996; and (2) force reductions' effect on major military capabilities.

GAO found that: (1) DOD plans to retain 100,000 troops in Europe to respond to its full range of assigned missions; (2) DOD based its decision on the forces' composition and size on U.S. security and political objectives, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) commitments, and its judgment; (3) NATO plans to use smaller, mobile, and more flexible forces do not include deploying the U.S. corps as a unit; (4) DOD has streamlined Army forces in Europe and will be dependent on reinforcements from the United States to maintain its combat capability; (5) although the Army has tried to retain maximum combat capability by reducing support forces, force reductions have reduced Army combat capabilities; (6) the U.S. military capability most affected by force reductions is independent fighting as a corps in a major war without allies, but the need for that capability has diminished significantly since the Soviet Union's demise; and (7) DOD is reviewing whether the retention of heavy armored forces in Europe is appropriate to meet post-Cold War challenges given Eastern Europe's uncertain political future.

Jan 18, 2018

Jan 10, 2018

Dec 21, 2017

Dec 18, 2017

Dec 8, 2017

Dec 1, 2017

Nov 30, 2017

Nov 22, 2017

Looking for more? Browse all our products here