Army Acquisition:

Information on the Status and Performance of the Javelin Antitank Weapon

NSIAD-94-122BR: Published: Mar 9, 1994. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 1994.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Army's Javelin antitank weapon system, focusing on its: (1) cost and acquisition plan; (2) projected effectiveness in certain countermeasure environments; (3) threat recognition capability; and (4) target recognition training plan.

GAO found that: (1) although the Army's acquisition cost for the Javelin is estimated to be $4.2 billion, total program costs could increase to $4.8 billion because fielding the Javelin could take up to 25 years; (2) the Army and Marine Corps have reduced system quantities by more than 40 percent; (3) system unit costs could increase by more than 150 percent and command and launch unit costs could increase by more than 360 percent because of acquisition delays; (4) the Office of the Secretary of Defense does not believe that funding will be available during the last 5 years of production; (5) although a Conference Committee report recommended that the Army reassess the Javelin's cost-effectiveness because of escalating costs, a new cost-effectiveness analysis has not been completed; (6) the Javelin may not be able to significantly improve the Army's antitank capability because it is not equipped to adequately counter some enemy countermeasures and differentiate between friend or foe; (7) the Javelin's threat identification capability is limited by the weather, the gunner's distance from the target, and the gunner's training; and (8) questions remain as to whether training will be adequate to prepare soldiers to acquire valid targets and identify friend from foe without additional equipment.

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