Former Soviet Union:

Assistance by the United States and Other Donors

NSIAD-93-101: Published: Dec 30, 1992. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 1992.

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GAO reviewed U.S. assistance to Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, focusing on the: (1) extent and nature of assistance provided; and (2) level of coordination among donors.

GAO found that: (1) donor countries have pledged $90 billion in aid to the former Soviet republics; (2) less than half of the amount pledged will have been disbursed by the end of 1992; (3) the United States pledged about $9.2 billion; (4) grants made up 19 percent of the total amount pledged; (5) 28 percent of the U.S. pledges were in the form of grants; (6) the Agency for International Development built up its presence in the former Soviet Union more quickly than it didin Central and Eastern Europe; (7) the Department of State has duplicated the experimental Washington-based management structure used for delivering assistance to Central and Eastern Europe; (8) the United States has made efforts to provide assistance to develop a modern banking system; (9) donors and all former Soviet republics agreed to establish consultative groups to help coordinate assistance; and (10) limited coordination has had no apparent major adverse impact, but, as aid programs expand, donors may begin to duplicate efforts.

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