Navy Command and Control:

Better Systems Integration and Organizational Structure Are Needed

NSIAD-91-115: Published: Feb 27, 1991. Publicly Released: May 3, 1991.

Additional Materials:


Louis J. Rodrigues
(202) 512-4841


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the acquisition management of selected data fusion efforts within the Navy Command and Control System to identify data fusion deficiencies and evaluate plans to overcome them.

GAO found that: (1) in 1982, the Navy awarded a contract to improve its ashore data fusion capabilities by acquiring an upgrade to the Ocean Surveillance Information System; (2) the Navy initiated the upgrade production before performing an operational evaluation that subsequently identified numerous system deficiencies; (3) the Navy restructured its plans to correct the deficiencies and incorporate additional system capabilities by 1993, delaying the program completion date by 4 years; (4) the Navy acquired several prototype systems to overcome the data fusion deficiencies, but those systems did not meet the Navy's needs or satisfy its documentation, logistics support, testing, training, and configuration control program requirements; (5) the Navy's failure to meet mission needs or satisfy various program requirements was partially attributable to the lack of effective systems engineering and integration and an ineffective organizational management structure; (6) the Navy's inadequate data fusion capabilities resulted in inefficient or untimely use of sensors and battle group weapons; and (7) until adequate data fusion capabilities both ashore and afloat become available, Navy battle group commanders will have less than a satisfactory tactical picture for decisionmaking, placing Navy missions at risk.

Recommendation for Executive Action

  1. Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The Navy has developed a command, control, communications, and intelligence architecture to tie together the command and control processes and guide system development.

    Recommendation: To minimize system duplication, the Secretary of the Navy should review the organizational management structure to ensure that effective systems engineering and integration is achieved for programs within the Navy Command and Control System.

    Agency Affected: Department of Defense: Department of the Navy


Explore the full database of GAO's Open Recommendations »

Nov 20, 2020

Nov 19, 2020

Nov 18, 2020

Nov 5, 2020

Oct 29, 2020

Oct 21, 2020

Looking for more? Browse all our products here