U.S.-Mexico Trade:

Trends and Impediments in Agricultural Trade

NSIAD-90-85BR: Published: Jan 12, 1990. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 1990.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information about the extent of agricultural trade between the United States and Mexico, focusing on: (1) the value of agricultural trade from 1982 to 1988; (2) economic trends affecting agricultural trade; and (3) principal obstacles to agricultural trade.

GAO found that: (1) U.S.-Mexican agricultural trade increased from $2.3 billion in 1982 to $4 billion in 1988, with Mexican exports growing steadily, and U.S. exports widely fluctuating, reflecting Mexican harvest conditions, adverse Mexican economic conditions, and the availability of U.S. export credit guarantees; (2) the United States exported such bulk commodities as corn and soybeans to Mexico, while Mexico exported tropical products and specialty crops to the United States; (3) Mexican growers complained that their exports were subject to excessive U.S. plant and animal health regulations and that U.S. tariffs on certain crops were too high; (4) the United States believed that Mexico's continued reliance on import licensing requirements was inconsistent with certain provisions of trade and tariff agreements; (5) Mexican horticultural producers' limited participation in crop marketing and distribution and U.S. producers' lack of knowledge of the Mexican marketing and distribution system constrained trade expansion; (6) transportation problems and infrastructure constraints at the border and in Mexico served as obstacles to trade expansion; (7) Mexico's significant external debt limited its demand for U.S. agricultural exports and its funding for agricultural development; and (8) an October 1989 U.S.-Mexican agreement sought to improve bilateral technical and administrative assistance programs, marketing, inspection and research systems, data collection and economic analysis, and research programs.

Sep 22, 2020

Sep 15, 2020

Sep 14, 2020

Aug 27, 2020

Jul 28, 2020

Jun 18, 2020

Jun 9, 2020

May 12, 2020

Looking for more? Browse all our products here