Can the Army and Air Force Reserves Support the Active Forces Effectively?

LCD-79-404: Published: Apr 25, 1979. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 1979.

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The active military forces cannot fully support the Nation in times of emergency without effective reinforcement from the Selected Reserves.

Although the Air Reserves can meet mobilization and deployment schedules effectively, indications are that the Army may have difficulty supporting its active units effectively should an emergency occur.

Matter for Congressional Consideration

  1. Status: Closed

    Comments: Please call 202/512-6100 for additional information.

    Matter: The appropriate congressional oversight and appropriations committees should explore these matters further, including: (1) exploring opportunities for greater and more rapid expansion of the Affiliation Program with the Army; (2) requiring the Air Force to justify its actions in not expanding the Associate Program into other commands and in not including Air Guard units in the program; and (3) directing the Department of Defense to provide an assessment of the advantages, disadvantages, and cost savings attributable to the merger alternative presented in this report.

Recommendation for Executive Action

  1. Status: Closed

    Comments: Please call 202/512-6100 for additional information.

    Recommendation: The Secretary of Defense should streamline the Army Reserve component management structure and should require the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of the National Guard Bureau to make Air National Guard units available, as necessary, to fill any active requirements for Reserve aircrews through the Associate Program. The Secretary of the Army should: (1) expand the Affiliation Program to include as many deployable Reserve component units as possible; (2) eliminate unnecessary and unsupportable Reserve units; and (3) strengthen the organization for Reserve component mobilization planning. The Secretary of the Air Force should examine Tactical Air Command and other mission areas for possible application of the associate concept and consider the concept the norm for staffing new aircrew requirements, consistent with Active Force requirements.

    Agency Affected:


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