Army's Requirements for War Reserve Materiel Can Be Reduced without Impairing Combat Effectiveness

LCD-78-422A: Published: Dec 14, 1978. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 1978.

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War reserve materiel is now prestocked, and reserve requirements are based on studies of enemy threats and capabilities. At the end of fiscal year 1978, the Army reported a $1.7 billion deficiency in war reserve stock fund items, with major deficiencies in clothing and textile items and aviation spare parts.

If this deficiency were valid, it would seem to leave the Army unprepared for an armed conflict. However, the reported requirements and deficiencies are overstated because of a number of assumptions and factors, such as: incongruities in logistics planning for war reserve stock fund items; the Army's spare parts requirements which are based on outmoded, maximum delivery times while the flying-hour program is based on rapid delivery of helicopters; deficiencies in the Army's high-priority stocks which are prepositioned for ready mobilization while the Defense Logistics Agency has some of the same types of items in lower priority inventories; and problems with requirements for chemical protective clothing. A recent Secretary of Defense directive limits procurement of war reserve items to satisfy needs for only one-half the days in the total planning scenario period, but the Army includes safety levels and residual force quantities as early mobilization requirements which tends to unnecessarily increase requirements.

Matter for Congressional Consideration

  1. Status: Closed

    Comments: Please call 202/512-6100 for additional information.

    Matter: The Secretary of Defense should: limit the Army's war reserve stockage objective to be consistent with the direction given to the DLA; direct that wartime safety level factors be eliminated from equipment computations; require the Army to coordinate its airlift requirements with the Military Airlift Command and to consider attrition and combat damage to achieve more accurate projections of requirements; require the Army to limit total repair cycle time for reparable items to conform to the planning scenario and use more realistic shipping times and distribution methods to compute requirements; seek legislation to allow transfer of assets between Defense components to fill high priority prepositioned stock shortages; and direct the Army to present to the Congress only stock deficiencies on clothing and textiles managed, controlled, and funded by the Army. (HTW)


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