Occupational Safety and Health:

Differences Between Program in the United States and Canada

HRD-94-15FS: Published: Dec 6, 1993. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 1993.

Additional Materials:


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on U.S. and Canadian programs for ensuring workplace safety.

GAO found that: (1) ensuring workplace safety is a federal responsibility in the United States, but is a provincial responsibility in Canada; (2) Canadian provinces link programs for preventing and compensating for work-related injuries and illnesses; (3) Canadian employers directly fund health and safety programs; (4) Canadian laws mandate employer and worker responsibility and accountability for safety and health issues; (5) there is a greater enforcement presence and potential for immediate response to hazardous situations in Canada; and (6) differences to consider in evaluating U.S. programs include the programs' relative sizes, workforce organization, the potential for litigation, and constitutional issues.

Feb 8, 2018

Feb 6, 2018

Dec 21, 2017

Dec 7, 2017

Nov 20, 2017

Oct 26, 2017

Oct 23, 2017

Jun 22, 2017

May 30, 2017

May 18, 2017

Looking for more? Browse all our products here