Compensatory Education:

Additional Funds Help More Private School Students Receive Chapter 1 Services

HRD-93-65: Published: Feb 26, 1993. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 1993.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Chapter 1 compensatory education services provided to private school students since additional funds to local school districts became available, focusing on: (1) changes in student participation rates; (2) services provided to private school students and changes in services; and (3) the current status of state expenditures and the additional funding allocated for Chapter 1 services.

GAO found that: (1) the number of private school students in Chapter 1 programs has increased to 91 percent and the portion of eligible students participating has increased, but both are still below the pre-decision levels; (2) additional federal funds helped local school districts serve more private school students; (3) student participation was limited because some private schools did not participate due to the program's complexity, some parents refused to let their children leave the private school facility, and stricter criteria reduced the number of eligible students; (4) the availability of additional funds did not affect the location and type of Chapter 1 instructional services; (5) mobile vans were the most common educational facility and teacher instruction was the most common instructional form used to provide Chapter 1 services; (6) school districts used the majority of their additional funds to pay for mobile-van-related costs; (7) all states were able to increase the number of Chapter 1 instruction hours due to additional funding; (8) states used additional funds to reimburse school districts for past, current, and future expenses in varying proportions; and (9) most states indicated that they need funds for Chapter 1 services.

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