Welfare to Work:

States Serve Least Job-Ready While Meeting JOBS Participation Rates

HRD-93-2: Published: Nov 12, 1992. Publicly Released: Nov 12, 1992.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effect of the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training (JOBS) program on states' ability to: (1) serve target groups which are least job-ready; and (2) provide targeted groups with education and training rather than job search activities.

GAO found that: (1) there was no evidence that JOBS participation-rate requirements discouraged states from serving the least job-ready recipients; (2) only one state failed to meet the 7-percent participation rate for fiscal year 1991, and all states spent at least 55 percent of JOBS funds on target groups; (3) 62 percent of Aid to Families with Dependent Children recipients enrolled in JOBS were target group members; (4) 73 percent of target group members were placed in education and training activities, while 19 percent of target group members were placed in job search activities; and (5) one in three target placements were in secondary and remedial educational activities.

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