States Expand Coverage for Pregnant Women, Infants, and Children

HRD-89-90: Published: Aug 16, 1989. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 1989.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the extent to which states expanded Medicaid eligibility for infants, children, and pregnant women as a result of provisions in the 1986 and 1987 budget reconciliation acts.

GAO found that, in response to the provisions: (1) 44 states raised their income limits for Medicaid eligibility for pregnant women and infants; (2) 41 of those 44 states increased qualifying income levels to at least the federal poverty line, including 19 of the 22 states with infant mortality rates higher than the national average; (3) 36 states adopted such options as dropping assets tests, guaranteeing continuous eligibility, and offering temporary eligibility; and (4) 30 states raised income eligibility levels for children beyond infancy.

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