Better Reevaluations of Handicapped Persons in Sheltered Workshops Could Increase Their Opportunities for Competitive Employment
HRD-80-34: Published: Mar 11, 1980. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 1980.
- Full Report:
The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 requires that the Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA) reevaluate handicapped persons employed in sheltered workshops on an annual basis to determine their potential for competitive employment. A review was conducted to determine how effectively RSA managed these evaluations.
With better management oversight, RSA and some States could be more effective in providing maximum competitive employment opportunities for handicapped persons in sheltered workshops. As many as 11,400 handicapped persons were not reevaluated in 1977. Many of the reevaluations that were conducted were not comprehensive, and others were not performed annually as required by Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) regulations. In addition, it was found that there were no comprehensive guidelines for reevaluation. RSA did not clearly establish headquarters' responsibility for management oversight of reevaluations, assist States in developing a reevaluation process, provide States with instructions needed to implement evaluation in a timely manner, adequately monitor the number of persons receiving reevaluation who were subject to reevaluation under existing regulations, or follow up on States that were not reporting reevaluation. An analysis of national data on sheltered employment procedures and implementing instructions for reevaluations showed that in some States persons were excluded from reevaluation because of the timing of their placement in workshops or because of their job classifications as assigned by individual States.