Public Health Services:

Agencies Use Different Approaches to Protect Public Against Disease and Injury

HEHS-94-85BR: Published: Apr 29, 1994. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 1994.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Public Health Service's (PHS) disease prevention, health promotion, and biomedical research programs, focusing on whether: (1) program activity duplication exists among PHS agencies; and (2) Centers for Disease Control (CDC) programs involving chronic diseases, intentional injury, and health services funding are appropriate.

GAO found that: (1) there were no duplicative efforts in the six program activities reviewed; (2) although some PHS agencies have programs that address the same disease or condition, none of the agencies conducted the same activity directed to the same target population; (3) PHS agencies have developed many coordination channels to share information, foster cooperation, and reduce work duplication; (4) CDC activities are consistent to its mission of preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability; (5) CDC activities are supported by legislation, its history in preventing and controllinig diseases, its established relationships with states, and the views of public health experts; and (6) CDC has legislative authority to conduct or support diabetes, breast and cervical cancer, and intentional injury prevention programs.

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