Juvenile Justice:

Status of Delinquency Prevention Program and Description of Local Projects

GGD-96-147: Published: Aug 13, 1996. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 1996.

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Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Amendments Act's Title V incentive grant program for local delinquency prevention, focusing on: (1) the program's status and what types of projects are being funded; (2) the number of states and local governments that applied for Title V funds; (3) the amount of 1994 and 1995 grants that have been awarded as of December 31, 1995; (4) the sources and amounts of matching funds committed to local delinquency prevention projects; (5) whether eligibility requirements have affected Title V participation; and (6) other types of funding that has supported local delinquency prevention activities.

GAO found that: (1) as of March 1996, $29.6 of the $33 million in 1994 and 1995 Title V grants had been awarded to 54 jurisdictions and an additional $1 million was awarded for 6 grants to local jurisdictions under the Safe Futures Program; (2) of the 51 jurisdictions reviewed, 45 awarded $18.9 million in Title V subgrants to local governments to support 277 delinquency prevention projects; (3) these subgrantees spent about $3.6 million of their funds as of December 1995; (4) 44 jurisdictions received $17.2 million in Title V matching funds for 1994 and 1995; (5) 7 jurisdictions did not award subgrants; (6) the 2-year total funding for the 277 local delinquency prevention projects was about $36 million; (7) most of these projects addressed delinquency affecting youth in early or middle adolescence; (8) over 75 percent of the projects emphasized the prevention of delinquent activity, attempted to reduce delinquent behavior and recidivism, and addressed multiple risk factors; (9) most projects used community-based outreach intervention programs and services as well as some sort of parent training in conflict resolution and after-school program; (10) local governments generally reported that act's core requirements were not a barrier to local government participation in Title V program activities; (11) while 19 jurisdictions devoted $319 million in funds to support delinquency prevention activities in 1995, 31 jurisdictions did not know how much local or private funding was devoted to these activities; and (12) in 1995, nine other federal agencies reportedly spent $4.3 billion to support juvenile delinquency prevention, juvenile justice, or youth-related programs.

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