Veterans' Preference:

Data on Employment of Veterans

GGD-96-13: Published: Feb 1, 1995. Publicly Released: Feb 1, 1995.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on whether the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and other federal agencies have given veterans hiring preference, focusing on: (1) OPM implementation of its veterans' preference oversight responsibilities; (2) whether the Merit Systems Protection Board's (MSPB) authority over veterans' preference appeals has been weakened by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978; and (3) how reductions-in-force (RIF) have affected women and minorities when veterans' preference was applied.

GAO found that: (1) veterans' preferences given to OPM and governmentwide new hires has increased since 1990; (2) OPM policies encourage the employment and career enhancement of veterans; (3) OPM guidance explains veterans hiring policies and the responsibilities of OPM veterans program coordinator; (4) OPM routinely reviews veterans preference hiring procedures at various agencies to determine if veterans receive the percentage points to which they are entitled; (5) the Civil Service Reform Act has not weakened MSPB authority over veterans' preference appeals; and (6) women and minorities are disproportionately separated during a RIF because they rank lower than white males in areas such as veterans' preference.

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