Employee Drug Testing:

Estimated Cost to Test All Executive Branch Employees and New Hires

GGD-92-99: Published: Jun 10, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 1992.

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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) the estimated cost of drug testing for all executive branch employees; (2) the estimated cost of drug testing for all applicants for federal positions; and (3) Department of Justice estimates for costs it has incurred in litigation related federal employee drug testing.

GAO found that: (1) the total annual cost of testing all executive branch employees, each new selected federal applicant, including administrative and other costs, would be approximately $168 million; (2) the average direct cost per test incurred by federal agencies was $73.46; (3) agencies which conduct random testing could reduce costs by testing at lower frequency rates; and (4) from 1987 to 1991, the Department of Justice litigated 68 drug testing-related cases, at a cost of about $725,000.

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