Statistical Results of the Bail Process in Eight Federal District Courts

GGD-78-106: Published: Nov 1, 1978. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 1978.

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To obtain empirical data on the Federal bail system, criminal defendant case files in eight Federal judicial districts were randomly sampled. The districts sampled were selected because they represent a cross-section of the Federal bail system in terms of geography, criminal caseload size, and pretrial services agency (PSA) versus non-PSA districts. The data were collected to obtain: an overall statistical view of each district's caseload; detention, failure to appear, and new crime rates; and other statistics which would indicate the overall effectiveness of each district's bail practices.

Background information is provided on: population and sample sizes; proportion of robbery and drug defendants in each district's caseload; distribution of crimes within each district; profile characteristics of defendants in the district sample, in the drug sample, and in the robbery sample; composite profile characteristics of all defendants compared to those failing to appear and committing new crimes; proportion of armed versus unarmed robbery; and types of drugs involved in drug offenses. Appendices contain: PSA statistics, an overview of bail results, a failure-to-appear analysis, a new-crimes analysis, and information on the final disposition of defendants. (RRS)

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