Sexual-Orientation-Based Employment Discrimination: State and Federal Status

GAO-02-665R: Apr 19, 2002

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Three federal statutes make it unlawful for an employer to discriminate against an employee on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, and age. However, these laws do not cover discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. GAO found that 13 states have laws that prohibit employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. These laws vary, but they share many significant features. Maryland's statute is broad in scope, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in public accommodations, housing, and employment. The Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 2001 (1) exempts any religious organization from coverage regardless of employment activity; (2) contains for the first time a definition of "employee;" and (3) provides that a state's receipt of federal assistance for any state program or activity constitutes a waiver of sovereign immunity to a suit brought in federal court alleging discrimination in employment of that program or activity.

Mar 20, 2018

Mar 19, 2018

  • Ampcus, Inc.
    We deny the protest.
  • AMAR Health IT, LLC
    We dismiss the protest because our Office does not have jurisdiction to entertain protests of task orders issued under civilian agency multiple-award, indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity (IDIQ) contracts that are valued at less than $10 million.
  • Centurum, Inc.--Costs
    We grant the request.

Mar 15, 2018

  • ORBIS Sibro, Inc.
    We sustain the protest in part and deny it in part.

Mar 14, 2018

Mar 13, 2018

  • Interoperability Clearinghouse
    We dismiss the protest because the protester, a not-for-profit entity, is not an interested party to challenge this sole-source award to an Alaska Native Corporation under the Small Business Administration's (SBA) 8(a) program.
  • Yang Enterprises, Inc.
    We dismiss the protest.

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