Women in Management:

Analysis of Selected Data From the Current Population Survey

GAO-02-156: Published: Oct 23, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 2001.

Additional Materials:


Robert E. Robertson
(202) 512-9889


Office of Public Affairs
(202) 512-4800

GAO analyzed data from the Department of Labor's Current Population Survey (CPS) to better understand the challenges that women face in advancing their careers. Female managers in most of the industries GAO examined had less education, were younger, were more likely to work part-time, and were less likely to be married than were male managers. There was no statistically significant difference between the percent of management positions filled by women and the percent of all positions filled by women for five of the 10 industries GAO examined. In addition, in 1995 and 2000, full-time female managers earned less than full-time male managers, after controlling for education, age, marital status and race.

Oct 19, 2020

Jun 22, 2020

Apr 14, 2020

Feb 14, 2020

Feb 10, 2020

Sep 9, 2019

Apr 10, 2019

  • employment icon, source: GAO

    Priority Open Recommendations:

    Department of Labor
    GAO-19-395SP: Published: Apr 3, 2019. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 2019.

Apr 9, 2019

Apr 8, 2019

Mar 28, 2019

Looking for more? Browse all our products here