Anthrax Vaccine:

Preliminary Results of GAO's Survey of Guard/Reserve Pilots and Aircrew Members

GAO-01-92T: Published: Oct 11, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 11, 2000.

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Kwai-Cheung Chan
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This testimony discusses the Department of Defense's (DOD) Anthrax Vaccine Program. Many questions have been raised about the program since DOD began vaccinating its 2.4 million active duty and reserve members in 1998. A major concern has been the program's effect on the National Guard and Air Force Reserve's retention of trained and experienced personnel. A questionnaire sent to 1,253 randomly selected Guard and Reserve pilots and others revealed that the anthrax immunization was a key reason these individuals left or otherwise changed their military status. Since September 1998, an estimated 25 percent of the pilots and aircrew members of the Guard and Reserve in this population transferred to another unit, left the military, or moved to inactive status.

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