Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy: Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Energy Conservation Standards
GAO-01-349R: Feb 5, 2001
- Full Report:
GAO reported on a major rule promulgated by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The final rule amends the existing energy conservation standards for central air conditioners and heat pumps to significantly conserve energy with technologically feasible and economically justifiable standards. GAO concluded that the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy complied with all applicable requirements in promulgating this rule.
Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy: Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Energy Conservation Standards, GAO-01-349R, February 5, 2001
Subject: Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy: Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Energy Conservation Standards
Pursuant to section 801(a)(2)(A) of title 5, United States Code, this is our report on a major rule promulgated by the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, entitled "Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Energy Conservation Standards" (RIN: 1904-AA77). We received the rule on January 19, 2001. It was published in the Federal Register as a final rule on January 22, 2001. 66 Fed. Reg. 7170.
The final rule amends the existing energy conservation standards for central air conditioners and heat pumps to significantly conserve energy with technologically feasible and economically justifiable standards.
Enclosed is our assessment of the DOE's compliance with the procedural steps required by section 801(a)(1)(B)(i) through (iv) of title 5 with respect to the rule. Our review indicates that DOE complied with the applicable requirements.
If you have any questions about this report, please contact James W. Vickers, Assistant General Counsel, at (202) 512-8210. The official responsible for GAO evaluation work relating to the subject matter of the rule is Bob Robinson, Managing Director, Natural Resources and Environment. Mr. Robinson can be reached at (202) 512-3841.
Kathleen E. Wannisky
Managing Associate General Counsel
ANALYSIS UNDER 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(B)(i)-(iv) OF A MAJOR RULE
ISSUED BY THE
DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY,
OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY
"ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR
CONSUMER PRODUCTS: CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONERS
AND HEAT PUMPS ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARDS"
(i) Cost-benefit analysis
DOE performed a cost-benefit analysis that is contained in its Technical Support Document (TSD). The TSD was furnished to our Office as part of DOE's submission of the final rule.
DOE estimates that the cumulative national energy savings will be 4.2 quads of energy over 25 years (2006-2030). It is also estimated that the standard will have a net benefit to consumers of $1 billion over the same period.
The energy savings will result in cumulative greenhouse gas emission reductions of approximately 33 million metric tons of carbon, or an amount equal to that produced by approximately 3 million cars every year. In addition, air pollution will be reduced by the elimination of approximately 94 thousand metric tons of nitrous oxides from 2006 through 2020.
(ii) Agency actions relevant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 603-605, 607, and 609
DOE has certified that the final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
(iii) Agency actions relevant to sections 202-205 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 1532-1535
Section 202 of the Act requires a federal agency to publish estimates of the cost, benefits, and other effects on the economy when a regulatory action may result in the expenditure by the private sector of $100 million or more in any one year. The TSD discussed above addresses these requirements
Section 205 of the Act also requires a federal agency to identify and consider a reasonable number of regulatory alternatives before promulgating a rule. In the TSD, DOE discusses the alternatives considered and describes how this final rule establishes energy conservation standards that achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified.
(iv) Other relevant information or requirements under acts and executive orders
Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 551 et seq.
The final rule was issued using the notice and comment procedures contained at 5 U.S.C. 553. On October 5, 2000, DOE published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in the Federal Register. 65 Fed. Reg. 59590. As a result of this notice and previous notices and workshops leading to the promulgation of the final rule, DOE received over 800 comments, many of which are discussed in the preamble to the final rule.
Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501-3520
The final rule does not contain any information collections that are required to be reviewed and approved by the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork Reduction Act.
Statutory authorization for the rule
The final rule was issued under the authority contained in 42 U.S.C 6291-6309 and 28 U.S.C. 2461 note.
Executive Order No. 12866
The final rule was reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget and found to be an "economically significant" regulatory action under the order.
Executive Order No. 13132 (Federalism)
The final rule was reviewed under the order and DOE has determined that it would not have a substantial direct effect on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. State regulations that may have existed on the products that are the subject of the final rule were preempted by the federal standards established in the National Appliance Energy Conservation Amendments of 1988. States can petition DOE for exemption from such preemption based on the criteria set forth in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act.