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Released on May 17, 2019
Defense Management: Observations on Changes to the Reporting Structure for DOD's Corrosion Office and Its Implementation of GAO Recommendations
GAO-19-513: Published: May 17, 2019. Publicly Released: May 17, 2019.
Corrosion erodes DOD equipment and infrastructure. It can, for example, put a weapon into the shop for repairs instead of being available for use. Corrosion cost DOD an estimated $20.6 billion in fiscal year 2016. DOD's Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight is charged with combating this problem. We found that DOD is making changes to how this office operates to more effectively address corros...
Medicaid Demonstrations: Approvals of Major Changes Need Increased Transparency[back to top]
GAO-19-315: Published: Apr 17, 2019. Publicly Released: May 17, 2019.
About a third of Medicaid spending is for demonstrations, which allow states to test new approaches to delivering services. States and the federal government are supposed to be transparent about the demonstrations that are proposed and give the public a chance to weigh in. Is that happening? The short answer is sometimes. Transparency has improved, but there are still significant gaps. For exampl...
Released on May 16, 2019
Hardrock Mining: Availability of Selected Data Related to Mining on Federal Lands
GAO-19-435R: Published: May 16, 2019. Publicly Released: May 16, 2019.
The federal government manages 29% of the land in the United States. We reviewed the extent to which federal agencies collected data on hardrock mining on federal land, and found that the Bureau of Land Management and Forest Service are the 2 agencies that reported collecting some of this data. For example, both agencies collect data on the value of their reclamation bonds, which ensure that mini...
Women-Owned Small Business Program: Actions Needed to Address Continued Oversight Issues[back to top]
GAO-19-563T: Published: May 16, 2019. Publicly Released: May 16, 2019.
The Woman-Owned Small Business Program has sought to bolster women's participation in industries in which women are substantially underrepresented. It sets aside a portion of government contracts for women-owned small businesses. This testimony discusses, among other things, the Small Business Administration's progress in changing the process for certifying program eligibility, and addressing ove...
Released on May 15, 2019
Federal Contracting: Opportunities to Improve Compliance with Regulations and Enhance Tax Collections
GAO-19-243: Published: Apr 15, 2019. Publicly Released: May 15, 2019.
Businesses are responsible for paying taxes and must report their tax debts if they want federal contracts. Agencies are supposed to consider these debts before awarding contracts. However, we reviewed the Departments of Energy, Health and Human Services, and Veterans Affairs, as well as the Army and Navy, and found that they may have inappropriately awarded more than 1,800 contracts to businesse...
Financial Audit: Bureau of the Fiscal Service's Fiscal Year 2018 Schedules of the General Fund[back to top]
GAO-19-185: Published: May 15, 2019. Publicly Released: May 15, 2019.
The Treasury Department manages the General Fund, which finances the daily and long-term operations of the U.S. government. The Schedules of the General Fund reported the government's cash activity ($14 trillion), debt activity (borrowings of $10 trillion and repayments of $9 trillion), and budget deficit ($779 billion) in FY 2018. In the first audit of these schedules, data limitations left us...
Released on May 14, 2019
Bank Supervision: Regulators Improved Supervision of Management Activities but Additional Steps Needed
GAO-19-352: Published: May 14, 2019. Publicly Released: May 14, 2019.
We and others have found that at large financial institutions, management weaknesses—such as ineffective leadership by boards of directors, and compensation tied to quantity of rather than quality of loans—contributed to the 2007-2009 financial crisis. Are federal banking regulators addressing these weaknesses? We found regulators have improved their supervision of large banks’ management...
Export-Import Bank: Enhancements Needed in Credit Program Underwriting Policies and Procedures[back to top]
GAO-19-43: Published: May 14, 2019. Publicly Released: May 14, 2019.
The Export-Import Bank helps finance U.S. companies' exports when private lenders are unable or unwilling to do so. The Bank is backed by the U.S. government—so taxpayers could be responsible for financial losses. We reviewed the Bank's process to approve financing for exports and found that it appropriately assesses applicants' creditworthiness prior to approval. However, the Bank could improv...
Released on May 13, 2019
Combating Nuclear Terrorism: DHS Should Address Limitations to Its Program to Secure Key Cities
GAO-19-327: Published: May 13, 2019. Publicly Released: May 13, 2019.
DHS's Securing the Cities program seeks to give state and local agencies the ability to detect and deter nuclear terrorism, including dirty bombs. It provides funding for equipment, such as radiation detectors, and training for up to 5 years. Participating cities are required to submit plans and show potential future funding sources for sustaining these programs after DHS funding ends. We found D...
Emergency Assistance for Zika: USAID Supported Activities Overseas but Could Improve Funds Tracking and Response Planning[back to top]
GAO-19-356: Published: May 13, 2019. Publicly Released: May 13, 2019.
The Zika virus appeared in the Western Hemisphere in May 2015 and spread to many countries in less than a year. Zika can have mild or unnoticed symptoms, but it can also cause severe birth defects. In response, USAID supported a range of activities overseas, including mosquito control, public awareness, and research. However, USAID didn't track Zika funding by country and took longer than desired...