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Federal Emergency Management Agency

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Open Recommendations (47 total)

Homeland Security Grants: DHS Implemented National Priority Areas but Could Better Document and Communicate Changes

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1 Open Recommendations
Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Federal Emergency Management Agency The FEMA Administrator should conduct targeted outreach to stakeholders to better understand and address communication and other stakeholder challenges with implementing National Priority Area changes. (Recommendation 2).
Open
When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Flood Insurance: FEMA's New Rate-Setting Methodology Improves Actuarial Soundness but Highlights Need for Broader Program Reform

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5 Open Recommendations
Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Federal Emergency Management Agency The Assistant Administrator of FEMA's Federal Insurance Directorate should evaluate other means for incentivizing desirable community activities that cannot be actuarially justified but are currently a basis for discounts in CRS. (Recommendation 2)
Open
When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.
Federal Emergency Management Agency The Assistant Administrator of FEMA's Federal Insurance Directorate should take additional steps to make available to policyholders, agents, or both more detailed property-specific flood risk information to help them better understand the justification for individual premiums and potential savings associated with available mitigation options. (Recommendation 5)
Open
When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.
Federal Emergency Management Agency The Assistant Administrator of FEMA's Federal Insurance Directorate should publish an annual actuarial report that includes the loss levels that full-risk premiums are designed to cover and that current discounted premiums are able to cover, and the associated uncertainty; the estimated premium revenue and shortfall for current and future years; and an evaluation of NFIP's fiscal outlook, including projections of future debt. (Recommendation 3)
Open
When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.
Federal Emergency Management Agency The Assistant Administrator of FEMA's Federal Insurance Directorate should adjust CRS by calculating a community's rating based only on community activities that reduce flood risk and by incorporating discounts into the full-risk premium based on the actuarial evaluation of risk reduction. (Recommendation 1)
Open
When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.
Federal Emergency Management Agency The Assistant Administrator of FEMA's Federal Insurance Directorate should take steps to directly inform individual policyholders about Risk Rating 2.0 and make them aware of available information. (Recommendation 4)
Open
When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

Homelessness: Enhanced Coordination Could Improve Disaster Shelter and Housing Assistance

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1 Open Recommendations
Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Federal Emergency Management Agency The Administrator of FEMA should coordinate with HUD on federal disaster shelter and housing assistance for the homeless population, through efforts such as those related to the implementation of USICH's federal strategic plan to prevent and end homelessness (issued December 2022). Activities could include (1) identifying the needs of those experiencing homelessness and lessons learned related to planning, evaluating, and coordinating efforts to address their disaster shelter and housing needs and (2) disseminating this information to state and local partners. (Recommendation 2)
Open
When we confirm what actions the agency has taken in response to this recommendation, we will provide updated information.

FEMA Disaster Workforce: Actions Needed to Improve Hiring Data and Address Staffing Gaps

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1 Open Recommendations
Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Federal Emergency Management Agency The FEMA administrator should document plans to monitor and evaluate the agency's hiring efforts to address staffing gaps in the disaster workforce. (Recommendation 2)
Open
At the end of January 2024, FEMA provided GAO with documentation outlining the status of agency actions to address this recommendation. GAO is reviewing this documentation to determine if the agency actions meet the intent of the recommendation.

Disaster Recovery: Actions Needed to Improve the Federal Approach

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1 Open Recommendations
1 Priority
Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Priority Rec.
The FEMA Administrator should identify and take steps to better manage fragmentation across its disaster recovery programs, including consideration of the options identified in this report. If FEMA determines that it needs authority for actions that it seeks to implement, it should request that authority from Congress. (Recommendation 4)
Open
The Department of Homeland Security agreed with this recommendation. In May 2023, FEMA officials stated that they were taking steps in response to the options GAO identified. FEMA is developing a streamlined process for its Individual Assistance and Public Assistance programs that will reduce the complexity and time it takes to apply. FEMA is also taking steps to improve equity in these programs by, for example, expanding methods of ownership and occupancy verification for Individual Assistance and prioritizing outreach and technical assistance to vulnerable populations and lower capacity applicants. To fully address this recommendation FEMA will need to demonstrate that they have identified and taken steps to better manage fragmentation across its disaster recovery programs, including consideration of the options in this report.

Disaster Recovery: Actions Needed to Improve the Federal Approach

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1 Open Recommendations
1 Priority
Agency Affected Recommendation Status
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Priority Rec.
The FEMA Administrator should, in consultation with the Recovery Support Function Leadership Group, identify and take steps to better manage fragmentation between its disaster recovery programs and other federal programs, including consideration of the options identified in this report. If FEMA determines that it needs authority for actions that it seeks to implement, it should request that authority from Congress. (Recommendation 1)
Open
The Department of Homeland Security agreed with this recommendation. In May 2023, FEMA officials stated that they are working with the White House and senior executives across the federal government through an Interagency Policy Committee to consider options to improve disaster recovery, including those identified by GAO. As such, FEMA has paused its update of the "National Disaster Recovery Framework" until this interagency effort concludes. In the interim, FEMA is also working with the Small Business Administration, the Office of Management and Budget, and other interagency partners to develop a plan for a single disaster assistance application, aligned with one of the options identified by GAO. They plan to identify additional steps by December 2023. To fully address this recommendation, FEMA will need to demonstrate that they have identified and taken steps to better manage fragmentation between FEMA's disaster recovery programs and other federal programs, including consideration of the options in this report.